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Nowcasting of intense thunderstorms and understanding of the physical processes inside clouds: the SOS-CHUVA (Severe Weather Observation System)

Grant number: 15/14497-0
Support type:Research Program on Global Climate Change - Thematic Grants
Duration: February 01, 2016 - January 31, 2020
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Geosciences
Principal Investigator:Luiz Augusto Toledo Machado
Grantee:Luiz Augusto Toledo Machado
Home Institution: Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE). Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia, Inovações e Comunicações (Brasil). São José dos Campos , SP, Brazil
Co-Principal Investigators:Edmilson Dias de Freitas
Assoc. researchers:Alan James Peixoto Calheiros ; Ana Maria Heuminski de Avila ; Ariane Frassoni dos Santos de Mattos ; Carlos Frederico de Angelis ; Claudia Regina Castellanos Pfeiffer ; Daniel Alejandro Vila ; Demerval Soares Moreira ; Dirceu Luis Herdies ; Éder Paulo Vendrasco ; Ernani de Lima Nascimento ; Ernesto Kemp ; Fabio Ricardo Marin ; Felipe Gustavo Pilau ; Hilton Silveira Pinto ; Izabelly Carvalho da Costa ; Jeferson Prietsch Machado ; José Paulo Molin ; José Teixeira Filho ; Jurandir Zullo Junior ; Kleber Pinheiro Naccarato ; Luiz Carlos Marcos Vieira Junior ; Luiz Fernando Sapucci ; Maria Assunção Faus da Silva Dias ; Maria de Souza Custodio ; Marielle Gosset ; Marta Pereira Llopart ; Mr Earle R. Williams ; Osmar Pinto Junior ; Osvaldo Machado Rodrigues Cabral ; Priscila Pereira Coltri ; Rachel Ifanger Albrecht ; Renata Ribeiro Do Valle Gonçalves ; Roberta Rocha Borges ; Roberto Luiz Do Carmo ; Ronalton Evandro Machado ; Saulo Ribeiro de Freitas ; Stanley Robson de Medeiros Oliveira ; Thiago Souza Biscaro
Associated grant(s):19/07039-6 - "the processes involved in the development of precipitation within clouds" and internacional collaboration within the SOS-CHUVA project, AV.EXT
18/08944-1 - 16th International Conference on atmospheric electricity (ICAE2018), AR.EXT
16/50458-1 - Strategies for detecting and monitoring high impact weather events (HIWE), AP.R
Associated scholarship(s):18/04754-3 - Mobile usability analysis and mobile application refactoring, BP.IC
17/23362-6 - Development of nowcasting module and radar operation for research, BP.TT
17/22020-4 - SOS Chuva: Media Science, BP.JC
+ associated scholarships 17/06075-3 - The influence of hail on severe storms electrification, BP.MS
17/04654-6 - Studying macro and microphysical phase spaces in thunderstorm clouds: insights for nowcasting techniques, BP.PD
16/24562-6 - Combining observations and numerical modeling to improve the description of thunderstorm microphysical processes, BP.DR
17/00275-0 - Ensemble nowcasting system from radar data for flash floods alerts, BP.PD
16/17821-5 - Microphysical properties of precipitation in thunderstorms with upward lightning, BP.IC
16/16932-8 - Hydrometeor classification using dual-polarization radar data to improve numerical prediction and data assimilation, BP.PD - associated scholarships

Abstract

This project aims to take advantage of the opportunity to buy out the dual polarization radar in a very low price based in the already paid leasing to develop research in nowcasting of severe thunderstorms based on knowledge acquired about the physical properties of clouds in the CHUVA thematic project. The basis of this research is the dual polarization radar operating in Campinas, for 24 months (two wet seasons) to capture intense events that provide the base for the study of the physical processes inside of thunderstorms aiming at improving predictability in the short term and the detection of severity. This project will install hail pads to create a database to provide information not only on the occurrence of hail, but also its size. In addition to the various studies components, as precipitation estimation using radar and satellite, electrification, cloud propagation, time rate of the volume of some hidrometeoros, cloud top growing rates and microphysical processes, this study aims to develop the SIGMA-SOS. The SIGMA SOS is a geographic information system that integrates the measured data as well as short-term forecasts and warnings. The Brazil bought several dual pol radars and is still expanding its network of radars to monitor extreme events. However, there is a lack of knowledge about the microphysical process and the interaction of dual pol radar with the hydrometeor inside the clouds, and this project intend to contribute improving this knowledge and forming students in this area. The interface with agriculture open a new perspective of applications in an important subject in Brazil. (AU)

Articles published in Agência FAPESP about the research grant
Smartphone app for site-specific early warning of floods and thunderstorms  
Brazilian model forecasts the occurrence of lightning during storms 

Scientific publications (8)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
RIBAUD, JEAN-FRANCOIS; TOLEDO MACHADO, LUIZ AUGUSTO; BISCARO, THIAGO. X-band dual-polarization radar-based hydrometeor classification for Brazilian tropical precipitation systems. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, v. 12, n. 2, p. 811-837, FEB 6 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
SAPUCCI, LUIZ F.; MACHADO, LUIZ A. T.; DE SOUZA, ENIUCE MENEZES; CAMPOS, THAMIRIS B. Global Positioning System precipitable water vapour (GPS-PWV) jumps before intense rain events: A potential application to nowcasting. METEOROLOGICAL APPLICATIONS, v. 26, n. 1, p. 49-63, JAN 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
ROZANTE, JOSE ROBERTO; VILA, DANIEL A.; CHIQUETTO, JULIO BARBOZA; FERNANDES, ALEX DE A.; ALVIM, DEBORA SOUZA. Evaluation of TRMM/GPM Blended Daily Products over Brazil. REMOTE SENSING, v. 10, n. 6 JUN 2018. Web of Science Citations: 7.
MACHADO, LUIZ A. T.; CALHEIROS, ALAN J. P.; BISCARO, THIAGO; GIANGRANDE, SCOTT; SILVA DIAS, MARIA A. F.; CECCHINI, MICAEL A.; ALBRECHT, RACHEL; ANDREAE, MEINRAT O.; ARAUJO, WAGNER F.; ARTAXO, PAULO; BORRMANN, STEPHAN; BRAGA, RAMON; BURLEYSON, CASEY; EICHHOLZ, CRISTIANO W.; FAN, JIWEN; FENG, ZHE; FISCH, GILBERTO F.; JENSEN, MICHAEL P.; MARTIN, SCOT T.; POESCHL, ULRICH; POEHLKER, CHRISTOPHER; POEHLKER, MIRA L.; RIBAUD, JEAN-FRANCOIS; ROSENFELD, DANIEL; SARAIVA, JACI M. B.; SCHUMACHER, COURTNEY; THALMAN, RYAN; WALTER, DAVID; WENDISCH, MANFRED. Overview: Precipitation characteristics and sensitivities to environmental conditions during GoAmazon2014/5 and ACRIDICON-CHUVA. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, v. 18, n. 9, p. 6461-6482, MAY 7 2018. Web of Science Citations: 3.
CECCHINI, MICAEL A.; MACHADO, LUIZ A. T.; WENDISCH, MANFRED; COSTA, ANJA; KRAEMER, MARTINA; ANDREAE, MEINRAT O.; AFCHINE, ARMIN; ALBRECHT, RACHEL I.; ARTAXO, PAULO; BORRMANN, STEPHAN; FUETTERER, DANIEL; KLIMACH, THOMAS; MAHNKE, CHRISTOPH; MARTIN, SCOT T.; MINIKIN, ANDREAS; MOLLEKER, SERGEJ; PARDO, LIANET H.; POEHLKER, CHRISTOPHER; POEHLKER, MIRA L.; POESCHL, ULRICH; ROSENFELD, DANIEL; WEINZIERL, BERNADETT. Illustration of microphysical processes in Amazonian deep convective clouds in the gamma phase space: introduction and potential applications. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, v. 17, n. 23, p. 14727-14746, DEC 11 2017. Web of Science Citations: 3.
MEDINA, BRUNO LISBOA; MACHADO, LUIZ A. T. Dual polarization radar Lagrangian parameters: a statistics-based probabilistic nowcasting model. NATURAL HAZARDS, v. 89, n. 2, p. 705-721, NOV 2017. Web of Science Citations: 0.
PEREZ, GABRIEL M. P.; SILVA DIAS, MARIA A. F. Long-term study of the occurrence and time of passage of sea breeze in Sao Paulo, 1960-2009. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY, v. 37, n. 1, p. 1210-1220, AUG 2017. Web of Science Citations: 3.
MATTOS, ENRIQUE V.; MACHADO, LUIZ A. T.; WILLIAMS, EARLE R.; GOODMAN, STEVEN J.; BLAKESLEE, RICHARD J.; BAILEY, JEFFREY C. Electrification life cycle of incipient thunderstorms. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, v. 122, n. 8, p. 4670-4697, APR 27 2017. Web of Science Citations: 4.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.
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