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Communication relationships and production conditions in journalists' work at economic alternative arrangements to the Media Corporations

Grant number: 16/06992-3
Support type:Regular Research Grants
Duration: September 01, 2016 - August 31, 2018
Field of knowledge:Applied Social Sciences - Communications - Theory of Communication
Principal researcher:Roseli Aparecida Figaro Paulino
Grantee:Roseli Aparecida Figaro Paulino
Home Institution: Escola de Comunicações e Artes (ECA). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Assoc. researchers: Cláudia Do Carmo Nonato Lima ; Fernando Felício Pachi Filho ; Rafael Do Nascimento Grohmann

Abstract

The aim of this research project is to analyze communication relationships and conditions of production in journalistic work at economic 'alternative'arrangements to large media corporations. This overall objective indicates the following research problems: How journalists organized at alternative economic arrangements to media corporations maintain their autonomy at work? How journalists organized at alternative economic arrangements to media corporations mobilize communication devices at their disposal to establish new requirements for the journalistic work? Does those requirements formulated in alternative economic arrangements establish more democratic communication relationships and share them in the work process? In view of this problem, the project aims to discuss and conceptualize the term 'alternative economic arrangements', trying to understand how the adjective 'alternative' and / or independent' has been appropriated by different enunciators and different discursive /ideological formations, including divergent organizational characteristics. Also seek to examine the feasibility of ways to support these economic 'alternative' arrangements against the increasing power of media conglomerates and their renewal strategies. In this general scope, we will need to discuss concepts such as creative work (Mosco & McKercher, 2008; Hesmondhalgh & Baker, 2011), immaterial labor (Fuchs, Antunes, Bolaño, 2015) precariousness of the journalist' work (Figaro, Nonato, Grohmann , 2013;) commoditization of journalistic information, forms of financing ( crowdfunding and other financial alternatives). The methodology of this exploratory research (Gil, 1994) adopts triangulation methods (Figaro, 2014; Denzin & Lincoln, 2006 Jankowski & Wester, 1993) in two phases: the first will lift journalistic 'alternative' economic arrangements to corporations media at the city of São Paulo through the snowball technique (Baldin, Munhoz, 2011) for the construction of non-probabilistic sample. This lifting will identify and classify characteristics of these arrangements and verify the possibility of a constant that allows reveal business profiles for, in the second phase, through interviews and focus groups understand the work processes, productive routines, support forms, and communication relationship between professionals in the production of their work. As a result, is expected to have a characteristic profile picture of these alternative economic arrangements to media corporations and verify the viability support for the journalist worker, as well as if these journalistic practices derived can really be called as alternatives to media conglomerates. (AU)

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