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Brazilian native fruits: role of phenolic bioactive compounds in dyslipidemia and insulin resistance associated to diet

Grant number: 16/11843-7
Support type:Regular Research Grants
Duration: November 01, 2016 - October 31, 2018
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Food Science and Technology - Food Science
Principal researcher:Maria Ines Genovese Rodriguez
Grantee:Maria Ines Genovese Rodriguez
Home Institution: Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas (FCF). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Assoc. researchers: Helena Rudge de Moraes Barros

Abstract

The rapid increase in the prevalence of overweight and obesity is a threat to public health and clearly indicates an epidemic behavior, even surpassing malnutrition and infectious diseases. Among the diseases directly associated with overweight, the incidence of type 2 diabetes is growing alarmingly. The search for new strategies to contain its advance is critical to minimize the impact on quality of life and reduce the costs of health systems. Diets rich in fruit and vegetables are associated with reduced risk of chronic noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), and phenolic compounds appear to be partly responsible, given their ability to modify the digestion and absorption of nutrients, acting in various metabolic pathways, and modulate colonic microbiota. In this context, Brazilian native fruits emerge as excellent sources of phenolic bioactive compounds with unique profile, including bioactive compounds not found in any other fruit, which were previously related to beneficial health effects. In this way, the objective of this study is to evaluate "in vivo" the effects of long-term consumption of different phenolic fractions of Brazilian native fruits (cupuaçu, jabuticaba, cambuci and cagaita) in animal models of prevention and treatment of obesity induced by high fat and high sucrose diet. The mechanisms involved in the protection potential of phenolics against the development of obesity and insulin resistance will be also studied, and also whether the possible beneficial effects observed are related to modulation of the populations of microbiota and reduction of endotoxemy and inflammation of visceral tissue. (AU)

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
CALDAS MOURA, MARCH HERCULES; CUNHA, MARIA GABRIELA; ALEZANDRO, MARCELA ROQUIM; GENOVESE, MARIA INES. Phenolic-rich jaboticaba (Plinia jaboticaba (Vell.) Berg) extracts prevent high-fat-sucrose diet-induced obesity in C57BL/6 mice. Food Research International, v. 107, p. 48-60, MAY 2018. Web of Science Citations: 10.
DONADO-PESTANA, CARLOS M.; CALDAS MOURA, MARCIO HERCULES; DE ARAUJO, RENATA LUISE; SANTIAGO, GABRIELA DE LIMA; DE MORAES BARROS, HELENA RUDGE; GENOVESE, MARIA INES. Polyphenols from Brazilian native Myrtaceae fruits and their potential health benefits against obesity and its associated complications. CURRENT OPINION IN FOOD SCIENCE, v. 19, n. SI, p. 42-49, FEB 2018. Web of Science Citations: 9.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.