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Immersive training in dental anesthesia through virtual reality


The training of invasive medical procedures in the pre-clinical stage is a great educational challenge. The use of animals or corpses, besides being accompanied by obvious ethical and practical problems, does not offer fidelity to the physiology of real patients. The use of inert models has very limited results, whereas dummies with simulated reactions present high costs and can not faithfully reproduce the physical reactions of the organism. A promising solution, but still little explored in dental training, is the use of virtual reality. This finding motivated the development of a "proof of concept" that demonstrated the feasibility and great potential of the use of three-dimensional immersive interaction. Based on promising initial results, this research project was elaborated, whose objective is the development of an immersive virtual reality environment for dental anesthesia training, with low cost of implantation and aimed for large-scale distance training. Its intended innovations are: remote sharing of the virtual environment; exchange of roles between student and teacher; automated evaluation of the procedures performed; tangible interface; and facial expressions of the virtual patient. The following scientific researches will be carried out on the developed system: student's perception of presence and of embodiment; impact of immersion in skill acquisition; automated performance assessment; evaluation of the usability of the system; and assessment of learning effectiveness. This project will have partnerships with the LaSIT (Laboratory of Simulation and Training) of the Faculty of Dentistry of Bauru (FOB-USP) and the LApIS (Laboratory of Applications of Health Informatics) of the School of Arts, Sciences and Humanities (EACH-USP). (AU)

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(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
COLLACO, ELEN; KIRA, ELISABETI; SALLABERRY, LUCAS H.; QUEIROZ, ANNA C. M.; MACHADO, MARIA A. A. M.; CRIVELLO JR, OSWALDO; TORI, ROMERO. Immersion and haptic feedback impacts on dental anesthesia technical skills virtual reality training. JOURNAL OF DENTAL EDUCATION, v. 85, n. 4, . (16/26290-3)

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