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Sustainability of urban freight distribution in SPMR

Grant number: 17/06074-7
Support type:Regular Research Grants
Duration: August 01, 2017 - July 31, 2019
Field of knowledge:Engineering - Transportation Engineering - Transportation Planning
Principal researcher:José Geraldo Vidal Vieira
Grantee:José Geraldo Vidal Vieira
Home Institution: Centro de Ciências em Gestão e Tecnologia (CCGT). Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCAR). Campus de Sorocaba. Sorocaba , SP, Brazil
Assoc. researchers: Jan C. Fransoo

Abstract

Freight transportation contributes substantially to a decrease in livability through local pollutants and congestion. On the other side, urban logistics has been a key determinant for the sustainability of cities in the future regarding mobility and freight distribution. Yet, most of distribution of goods are in the categories of food and care, impacting directly the livelihoods of all citizens in large megacities, with a disproportionate impact on those with a low and medium-low income. However, the movement of goods contributes to local economic growth.This proposal provides an analysis of urban freight distribution in the São Paulo Metropolitan Region (SPMR) taking into account government, companies (freight operators, retailers, manufacturers), and residents. The different viewpoints of the stakeholders pose challenges to everyone living in SPMR regarding "sustainable urban freight distribution", mainly in central and peripheral areas. The literature review will describe "The impact of zoning and regulations by local governments on the livability of people and movement of goods, and in a lesser degree sheds light on "consumer buying behavior". The research starts with the exploratory cases which can be developed in some possible industries (electronic, telecommunications, grocery, drug, and footwear and apparel), in some logistics providers (third-party logistics and transporters) and and in some retailers. The government agents will be also interviewed. The interviews and cases will allow us to characterize the retail sector (logistic flows and different types of retail) and to investigate the rules in the transportation system which has been adopted by the government. Second, the databases regarding fleet, population and transportation system will be analyzed using data over time. O-D freight transport in São Paulo city will be also investigated. Third, a survey will be conducted to the stakeholders in order to understand their behavior in freight distribution. It is also important to understand the dynamics and sustainability of retail systems, as well as the way in which certain urban areas or individual shops adapt to change. The data will be analyzed by multivariate statistic analysis (for instance, multiple regression analysis, structured equation modeling, factorial analysis, non-linear correlation), econometric models, methods regarding Multi-criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA), and optimized methods in order to evaluate how sustainability in freight distribution is affected by traffic congestion and carbon emissions. On the other hand, this research will provide novel insights into the relationship between urban freight policies by public authorities, urban freight operations by companies, and choices that consumers make while shopping. As such, it will paint a comprehensive picture of how the urban logistics landscape may be impacted by policy makers and corporate decision in RMSP, mainly in São Paulo city. This proposal is original because addresses sustainable urban transport, in terms of environmental, social and economic aspect, within a multidisciplinary approach whereby the state-of-the-art urban freight transport in central and peripheral areas of the São Paulo city is combined with logistics fields, city planning and land-use perspectives and with the consumer buying behavior in the SPMR. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
CARVALHO, NAYARA LOUISE; MENDES, JULIANA VEIGA; AKIM, ERICA KUSHIHARA; MERGULHAO, RICARDO COSER; VIDAL VIEIRA, JOSE GERALDO. Supply chain collaboration: differing perspectives of Brazilian companies. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF LOGISTICS MANAGEMENT, SEP 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.
DIAS, PEDRO A. P.; YOSHIZAKI, HUGO; FAVERO, PATRICIA; VIEIRA, JOSE GERALDO VIDAL. Daytime or Overnight Deliveries? Perceptions of Drivers and Retailers in SAo Paulo City. SUSTAINABILITY, v. 11, n. 22 NOV 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.