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Molecular ecology of neotropical ants

Grant number: 17/16645-1
Support type:BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Regular Research Grants
Duration: January 01, 2018 - June 30, 2020
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Ecology
Principal Investigator:Paulo Sergio Moreira Carvalho de Oliveira
Grantee:Paulo Sergio Moreira Carvalho de Oliveira
Home Institution: Instituto de Biologia (IB). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil
Assoc. researchers:Anete Pereira de Souza ; Gustavo Maruyama Mori ; Marina Corrêa Côrtes ; Sebastian Felipe Sendoya Echeverry


This project is linked to the research area of molecular ecology, currently being developed by our group, having ants as our focal study organism. This research area was established and amplified through a number of active collaborations with groups of the Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP) and the Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho" (Rio Claro e São Vicente-SP). The studies to be carried out in this project are arranged in two subprojects, one of which includes a PhD thesis currently being developed by one graduate student in our group through Graduate Program in Ecology of UNICAMP. The subprojects are the following: Subproject A - Biodiversity and molecular ecology of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) along a latitudinal gradient in the Cerrado. Specific objectives: (1) Describe how ant genetic diversity within the genus Camponotus (the most dominant on leaves) is distributed along a latitudinal gradient in the Cerrado; (2) Investigate the relation between intraspecific genetic diversity in Camponotus ants and species diversity of arboreal ants and plants; (3) Investigate the relation between genetic diversity and intraspecific morphological variation in ants with environmental heterogeneity. Subproject B - Border effect on the breeding system and genetic structure of Odontomachus chelifer (Formicidae: Ponerinae) in Cerrado. Specific objectives: (1) Describe the genetic structure and breeding system of O. chelifer colonies; (2) Evaluate if genetic diversity and functional polygyny in O. chelifer are associated with nest location (border versus interior of cerrado fragments). This application for Auxílio à Pesquisa aims to obtain funds to improve the conditions of our laboratory and of our field trips, allowing the adequate development of our research project. We are searching for funds to cover the costs associated with field work, genetic analyses, equipment, consumables, per diem expenses, third party services, and transportation. (AU)

Scientific publications (6)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
RONQUE, M. U. V.; FEITOSA, R. M.; OLIVEIRA, P. S. Natural history and ecology of fungus-farming ants: a field study in Atlantic rainforest. Insectes Sociaux, v. 66, n. 3, p. 375-387, AUG 2019. Web of Science Citations: 1.
CAMARGO, PAULO H. S. A.; RODRIGUES, SUELEN B. M.; PIRATELLI, AUGUSTO J.; OLIVEIRA, PAULO S.; CHRISTIANINI, V, ALEXANDER. Interhabitat variation in diplochory: Seed dispersal effectiveness by birds and ants differs between tropical forest and savanna. PERSPECTIVES IN PLANT ECOLOGY EVOLUTION AND SYSTEMATICS, v. 38, p. 48-57, JUN 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
SALLES, L. F. P.; CHRISTIANINI, A. V.; OLIVEIRA, P. S. Dirt roads and fire breaks produce no edge effects on litter-dwelling arthropods in a tropical dry-forest: a case study. JOURNAL OF INSECT CONSERVATION, v. 22, n. 5-6, p. 647-657, DEC 2018. Web of Science Citations: 0.
MAGALHAES, VERONICA B.; ESPIRITO SANTO, NADIA B.; SALLES, LUIS F. P.; SOARES, JR., HELIO; OLIVEIRA, PAULO S. Secondary seed dispersal by ants in Neotropical cerrado savanna: species-specific effects on seeds and seedlings of Siparuna guianensis (Siparunaceae). ECOLOGICAL ENTOMOLOGY, v. 43, n. 5, p. 665-674, OCT 2018. Web of Science Citations: 1.
VIDAL, MAYRA C.; SENDOYA, SEBASTIAN F.; YAMAGUCHI, LYDIA F.; KATO, MASSUO J.; OLIVEIRA, RAFAEL S.; OLIVEIRA, PAULO S. Natural History of a Sit-and-Wait Dipteran Predator That Uses Extrafloral Nectar as Prey Attractant. ENVIRONMENTAL ENTOMOLOGY, v. 47, n. 5, p. 1165-1172, OCT 2018. Web of Science Citations: 0.
RONQUE, M. U. V.; MIGLIORINI, G. H.; OLIVEIRA, P. S. Thievery in rainforest fungus-growing ants: interspecific assault on culturing material at nest entrance. Insectes Sociaux, v. 65, n. 3, p. 507-510, AUG 2018. Web of Science Citations: 1.

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