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Rheumatoid arthritis and periodontal disease: association between microbiome and disease-modifying drugs

Grant number: 17/23826-2
Support type:Research Grants - Visiting Researcher Grant - Brazil
Duration: August 01, 2018 - July 31, 2019
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Pharmacology
Principal Investigator:Fernando de Queiroz Cunha
Grantee:Fernando de Queiroz Cunha
Visiting researcher: Tarcilia Aparecida da Silva
Visiting researcher institution: Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG). Faculdade de Odontologia, Brazil
Home Institution: Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto (FMRP). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Ribeirão Preto , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:13/08216-2 - CRID - Center for Research in Inflammatory Diseases, AP.CEPID

Abstract

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is an inflammatory systemic disease that affects joints. There is a similarity between pathways that induce tissue destruction in RA and Periodontal Disease (PD), a chronic inflammatory condition that affect tooth surrounding structures. One of mechanisms that link RA and PD evolve dysbiosis of oral microbiome, which is partially reversed after treatment with synthetic or biological Disease-Modifying Drugs (DMDs), respectively Methotrexate (MTX) and anti-TNF. Despite significant progress in treatment of RA with these medications, 30-40% of patients discontinue treatment because of inefficacy and adverse events. There are some suggested mechanisms to explain treatment failure but they are not conclusive yet. In this context, the analysis of microbiome in patients under MTX and anti-TNF may point specific differences in patients responsive and non-responsive to DMDs. The objectives of this project are: 1) Monitoring oral and intestinal microbiome and clinical and periodontal parameters in patients with RA under DMDs therapy, 2) To verify possible effects of DMDs on the oral and intestinal microbiome using an experimental RA model, 3) If data point the association of microbiome dysbiosis with DMDs, we will test if probiotic treatment is able to reverse the effects. The results might contribute improving strategies to monitoring treatment response in RA patients. (AU)

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
DE AZEVEDO BRANCO, LUCIANA GRAVITO; OLIVEIRA, SICILIA REZENDE; CORREA, JOICE DIAS; CALDERARO, DEBORA CERQUEIRA; SOUZA MENDONCA, SANTUZA MARIA; CUNHA, FERNANDO DE QUEIROZ; FERREIRA, GILDA APARECIDA; TEIXEIRA, ANTONIO LUCIO; ABREU, LUCAS GUIMARAES; SILVA, TARCILIA APARECIDA. Oral health-related quality of life among individuals with rheumatoid arthritis. CLINICAL RHEUMATOLOGY, v. 38, n. 9, p. 2433-2441, SEP 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.
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