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Evaluation of led treatment in the resolution of acute lung injury induced by sepsis

Grant number: 17/06444-9
Support type:Regular Research Grants
Duration: February 01, 2018 - January 31, 2020
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Medicine
Principal Investigator:Adriana Lino dos Santos Franco
Grantee:Adriana Lino dos Santos Franco
Home Institution: Universidade Nove de Julho (UNINOVE). Campus Vergueiro. São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is characterized by endothelial rupture and alveolar injury due to an uncontrolled lung inflammatory response causing gas exchange impairment. Among the main causes of ARDS, sepsis is highlighted, especially in hospital settings. The restoration of normal lung function is very complicated and a phenomenon difficult to be studied; since the resolution of inflammation is a biochemically active process. Reduction of edema, clearance of neutrophils and repair of the alveolar barrier are prerequisites for the reestablishment of lung homeostasis. The mechanisms involved in this process in ARDS are little known and necessary for successful of therapy. Considering that ARDS is an important pathology with high mortality and that LED therapy is a promising treatment tool, our objective will be to evaluate the effect of LED therapy on the acute lung resolution process. For this, adult male Balb/c mice will be submitted to lipopolysaccharide (LPS, Salmonella abortus equi, ip) injection and irradiated or not with LED 1 and 5 h after the LPS injection. The analyzes will be performed 1, 3 and 5 days after LPS injection and will prioritize the neutrophil influx in the BAL, myeloperoxidase activity, evaluation of lung vascular permeability and edema, release and gene expression of inflammatory and pro-resolute mediators in the lung tissue, pulmonary function, evaluation of neutrophil apoptosis, macrophages phagocytosis, determination of T reg cells and, finally, evaluation of oxidative stress. Thus, we intend to study the effects of LED therapy on the resolution of lung inflammation. In this context, the proposed study may provide support for the understanding of the mechanisms that mediate ARDS, as well as allow proposing therapeutic alternatives for this important disease. (AU)

Scientific publications (4)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
DA-PALMA-CRUZ, MARLON; DA SILVA, RODRIGO FERNANDO; MONTEIRO, DHUANE; REHIM, HASSAN MOHAMED MOHAMED ABDEL; GRABULOSA, CAREN CRISTINA; LIGEIRO DE OLIVEIRA, ANA PAULA; LINO-DOS-SANTOS-FRANCO, ADRIANA. Photobiomodulation modulates the resolution of inflammation during acute lung injury induced by sepsis. Lasers in Medical Science, v. 34, n. 1, p. 191-199, FEB 2019. Web of Science Citations: 1.
DA SILVA, MARCIA RODRIGUES; SCHAPOCHNIK, ADRIANA; LEAL, MAYARA PERES; ESTEVES, JANETE; HEBEDA, CRISTINA BICHELS; SANDRI, SILVANA; PAVANI, CHRISTIANE; RATTO TEMPESTINI HORLIANA, ANNA CAROLINA; FARSKY, SANDRA H. P.; LINO-DOS-SANTOS-FRANCO, ADRIANA. Beneficial effects of ascorbic acid to treat lung fibrosis induced by paraquat. PLoS One, v. 13, n. 11 NOV 5 2018. Web of Science Citations: 2.
SCHAPOCHNIK, ADRIANA; DA SILVA, MARCIA RODRIGUES; LEAL, MAYARA PERES; ESTEVES, JANETE; HEBEDA, CRISTINA BICHELS; SANDRI, SILVANA; TEIXEIRA DA SILVA, DANIELA DE FATIMA; POLISELI FARSKY, SANDRA HELENA; MARCOS, RODRIGO LABAT; LINO-DOS-SANTOS-FRANCO, ADRIANA. Vitamin D treatment abrogates the inflammatory response in paraquat-induced lung fibrosis. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, v. 355, p. 60-67, SEP 15 2018. Web of Science Citations: 5.
LEAL, MAYARA PERES; BROCHETTI, ROBSON ALEXANDRE; IGNACIO, ALINE; SARAIVA CAMARA, NIELS OLSEN; DA PALMA, RENATA KELLY; FRANCO DE OLIVEIRA, LUIS VICENTE; TEIXEIRA DA SILVA, DANIELA DE FATIMA; LINO-DOS-SANTOS-FRANCO, ADRIANA. Effects of formaldehyde exposure on the development of pulmonary fibrosis induced by bleomycin in mice. TOXICOLOGY REPORTS, v. 5, p. 512-520, 2018. Web of Science Citations: 3.

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