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Linear Inversion of geoid anomalies of Borborema Province: Compositional Variation or Thermal Perturbation in the Mantle?

Grant number: 08/02411-0
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2008
Effective date (End): February 28, 2010
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Geosciences - Geophysics
Principal Investigator:Naomi Ussami
Grantee:Carlos Alberto Moreno Chaves
Host Institution: Instituto de Astronomia, Geofísica e Ciências Atmosféricas (IAG). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil


This MSc project aims to model and to interpret a 10 meters positive geoid anomaly over Borborema Province, NE Brazil. Geoid anomaly due to topography and crust thickness variation will be removed from observed geoid. Preliminary results suggest the existence of a negative geoid anomaly of deeper origin, caused by negative density contrast in the lower crust and upper mantle, possibly extending down into deep mantle (mantle plume?). Density variation may be either caused by compositional variation or thermal perturbation. Linear inversion of geoid anomalies techniques will be used to determine the extension, density contrast and origen of these anomalies. The hypothesis of thermal origin or compositional will be tested using independent constraints provided by geological and new geophysical observations scheduled to be collect withing two projects, the Instituto do Milenio-CMPq and FAPESP regular research grant # 2006/01211-1.

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
MORENO CHAVES, CARLOS ALBERTO; USSAMI, NAOMI. Modeling 3-D density distribution in the mantle from inversion of geoid anomalies: Application to the Yellowstone Province. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SOLID EARTH, v. 118, n. 12, p. 6328-6351, . (09/50493-8, 09/18511-6, 08/02411-0)

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