The purpose of this study is to present the concept and the model of diagnosis of the Parental Alienation Syndrome (PAS) as described by the American Psychiatrist Richard Gardner. PAS is a disorder that appears primarily in the context of child-custody disputes. It results from the combination of a programming parent's indoctrinations and the child's own contributions to the vilification of the target parent. Inducting PAS into a child is a form of emotional abuse as it can result the destruction or attenuation of the child's bond with a good, loving parent.We aim to make a re-examination of the role of the professional (psychologists, advocates, and judges) and the ethic that involves the actions of these professionals. We also aim to discuss the concept of the term PAS and it consequences in the ambit of Courts of Law.Based on the theory of PAS, we intent to relate the effects in subjectivity of the child when a parent excludes the other one to the concept of Oedipus Complex in Freud and its revision by Lacan. At this moment, there is a PAS Law Project in discussion in the Senate to identify this syndrome, penalize the alienating parent, prevent the PAS and the manoeuvres imposed by the alienating parent to the legal system. This study is important considering the lack of similar research in Brazil.
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