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The interface between wild small mammals and domestic animals and its impact on the preservation of the fragmented area of High Paranapanema

Grant number: 09/06608-5
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): October 01, 2009
Effective date (End): July 31, 2010
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Ecology - Applied Ecology
Principal researcher:Eliana Reiko Matushima
Grantee:Alice Soares de Oliveira
Home Institution: Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (CENA). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Piracicaba , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:06/60954-4 - Socio-environmental changes in the state of São Paulo and perspectives for conservation, AP.BTA.TEM

Abstract

Três Lagoas farm, which is located in Angatuba municipality, in High Paranapanema (southeast of São Paulo state) is an area where exotic species were introduced, such as Eucalyptus sp and Brachiaria sp, which fragmented the habitat in the original Cerradão (a tropical savanna ecoregion). Once the human activity has been established in a natural environment, the contact among human beings and domestic animals with wild animal populations has increased. Nevertheless, the influence of such factors on the ecosystem has not been clarified yet. The aim of the present study was to value the impact of contact between wild small mammals and domestic animals of this area, through identification of infecctious and transmitters of zoonoses agents (Leptospira spp, Brucella spp and Toxoplasma gondii). Thus, besides evaluating the local sanitary status we can contribute to the preservation of wild life in agricultural ecosystems.

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