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The biodiversity as factor for agricultural production in coffee shaded agroecosystems - A case study of agroforestry systems in the Pontal of Paranapanena

Grant number: 10/07119-5
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2010
Effective date (End): May 31, 2014
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Ecology - Applied Ecology
Principal Investigator:Paulo Yoshio Kageyama
Grantee:Paulo Rogério Lopes
Home Institution: Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALQ). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Piracicaba , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The system of organic coffee production is emerging as an alternative technology and cost, to eliminate the environmental impacts caused by irrational use of natural resources. Many experiments and analysis indicate biodiversity as a precursor of biological stability found in these diverse production systems. However, there are few scientific studies on the effect of biodiversity in agricultural systems of production. The greatest challenge of research is to identify the correct composition of the biodiversity which will provide, by means of biological synergisms, the key ecological services, such as biological control and nutrient cycling. And that is what this research will try to develope, whose objectives are focused on understanding the bio-ecological processes occurring in the soil-coffee (nutrient cycling and phytotechnical aspects of culture) in biodiverse environments. Also, promete the, identification and cataloging of species that have good association with the coffee plant and analysis of spatial and functional diversity of agroecosystems in order to evaluate whether there is a correlation between the diversity found in these agroforestry systems with the ecological stability. The research will be developed in the region of Pontal of Paranapanema, in agroforestry systems conducted by the settled farmers under the technical responsibility of IPE (Institute for Ecological Research), an institution responsible for implementation of agroforestry systems, through a project entitled "Coffee with Forest." This study will enable a better understanding of the effect of biodiversity on diversefied coffee agroecosystems that do not use external inputs (fertilizers and pesticides), as well as providing an analysis and systematization of some bio-ecological and agricultural processes responsible for self-sufficiency, productivity and resilience of ecosystems. Thus, the research will be of great scientific importance, as will allow the knowledge of possible compositions of shrub and tree species to Coffea arabica, in order to contribute with researchers, technicians and farmers in the planning and management of agroforestry systems with coffee.

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
ANDRÉ LUIS MARTINS; JOSÉ RICARDO ASSMANN LEMES; PAULO ROGÉRIO LOPES; ANGÉLICA MARIA PENTEADO DIAS. The Chrysidoidea Wasps (Hymenoptera, Aculeata) in Conventional Coffee Crops and Agroforestry Systems in Southeastern Brazil. Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia (São Paulo), v. 60, p. -, 2020.
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
LOPES, Paulo Rogério. Biodiversity as leading factor to agricultural production in shaded coffee agroecosystems in the Pontal do Paranapanema. 2014. Doctoral Thesis - Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz Piracicaba.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.