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Linguistic description and Pedagogical Grammar of Principense

Grant number: 11/06107-6
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)
Effective date (Start): July 01, 2011
Effective date (End): December 31, 2014
Field of knowledge:Linguistics, Literature and Arts - Literature
Principal Investigator:Gabriel Antunes de Araujo
Grantee:Ana Lívia dos Santos Agostinho
Host Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil


The aim of this work is to synchronically describe the phonological system of Lung'Ie, a Portuguese-based creole language spoken in the Island of Príncipe, São Tomé e Príncipe, reviewing and discussing the literature on the subject (Ribeiro 1888; Schuchardt 1889; Ferraz 1975, 1976, 1979; Ferraz & Traill 1981; Rougé 2004; Maurer 1997; Mané 2007; Araujo & Agostinho 2010; Agostinho et al. 2012, Agostinho 2012; Araujo & Agostinho 2014), as well as presenting a pedagogical method for this language.We first present a description of the phonological inventory of the language, addressing phonotactics of consonant and vowel segments. As far as the syllabic structure is concerned, we take into account vowels, consonants, the position of glides and syllabic nasals. In addition, we propose a model for phonetic syllable structure and we discuss its specificities in relation to the phonological syllable. A few phonological processes observed during fieldwork will be examined, demonstrating that stress is crucial for apocope, unstressed syllable deletion, diphthongization, nasalization, raising of the final unstressed syllable and external vocalic sandhi. The relationship between tone and stress is also covered by this work.Since 2009, Lung'Ie has been taught in schools. However, there is no didactic material available for teaching. Therefore, the intended audience of this work is formed by teachers and students of Lung'Ie - who lack pedagogical material for classroom use - and academic circles in general. The pedagogical method is comprised of seventeen lessons. Each lesson has a text written in Lung'Ie addressing local culture and traditions, followed by a Portuguese translation, lesson vocabulary, grammar topics, another short text on culture - in Lung'Ie and in Portuguese - followed by a specific vocabulary, exercises dealing with grammatical topics on each lesson, and an additional thematic vocabulary. At the end of this work, we present a Lung'Ie/Portuguese and Portuguese/Lung'Ie glossary with approximately 1,200 words. Our method has been elaborated using the Unified Alphabet for the Languages of São Tomé e Príncipe (ALUSTP). The corpus and analyses present in the pedagogical method are results of fieldwork in the Island of Príncipe, which took place in 2010, 2011, 2013 and 2014. The tense-aspect-mood system used in grammatical notes has been described by Maurer (2009), although some issues were revised. The structure of this method has been freely inspired by the Parlons Capverdien method - langue et culture, by Nicholas Quint (2003), a Portuguese-based creole language pedagogical method. Our work also intends to demonstrate to speakers that their language is an object of international interest and it can be useful as a linguistic instrument by supporting future educational projects in the Island of Príncipe. (AU)

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(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
AGOSTINHO, ANA LIVIA; DE ARAUJO, GABRIEL ANTUNES. laying with Language: Three Language Games in the Gulf of Guine. ANGUAGE DOCUMENTATION & CONSERVATIO, v. 15, p. 219-238, . (11/06107-6)

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