In childhood, the consequences of hearing loss can be severe, with the largest impact is observed when it occurs early in life, because at this stage severely limits the child's ability to develop oral language. So do the potential requires appropriate intervention and timely in this population, so as to avoid damage provided by this deficiency. The regeneration occurs from the adaptation of electronic devices to therapy, but for children with sensorineural hearing loss, severe and profound present a limited result. In these cases, the cochlear implant is best. After the device's indication the child needs to be prepared, and often does not occur properly, by both parents by the hospital staff, one reason being the fear of not knowing how to deal with any child's reactions. Therefore, the objective is to develop a manual of guidelines for children in pre-surgical process, for children aged 18 months to 7 years of age, and the application of the methodology manual for guidance in the pre-operative and evaluate its applicability in the post-surgery. This is an important step in the surgical process as it informs the parents and children about what will happen before and after surgery. It is known that parents and children can make better informed decisions in the process of rehabilitation.
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