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The indian hero in the painting of Rodolfo Amoedo: Marabá and The Last Tamoio in brazilian nation imaginary

Grant number: 11/03705-0
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2011
Effective date (End): February 28, 2013
Field of knowledge:Linguistics, Literature and Arts - Arts - Art Fundamentals and Criticism
Principal Investigator:Claudia Valladão de Mattos Avolese
Grantee:Richard Santiago Costa
Host Institution: Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas (IFCH). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil


This research project aims to study two specific works of the Brazilian painter Rodolfo Amoedo titled The Last Tamoio (1883) and Maraba (1882). Such works will be examined within the context of his production in the second half of the nineteenth century seeking to identify formal and programmatic aspects that approach and at the same time remove them from the policy of creation of a national identity implemented by the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts during the nineteenth century. We will seek to associate these paintings, so important in Amoedo's whole works, to the socio-political and cultural environment of nineteenth century Brazil, investigating their political and cultural intentions in the artistic context of that period. Besides we will interrogate such paintings trying to recognize aspects of Amoedo's style that link them to his artistic development both in Brazil and Europe, bringing different references in literature and paint areas that contributed to their making. It will be fundamental to investigate how Amoedo disjoints the apparatus of exaltation of the "national hero Indian" myth, identifying aspects of a late breathless indianism, exhausted on the eve of the proclamation of the Republic. Therefore, it will be important to confront literature and fine arts within the premise of ut pictura poesis, since that flourished first what is conventionally called "indianism". We propose a reflection about the image of the melancholic and tragic indian of the Amoedo's paintings above in detriment of the heroic and warrior indian of the literary production of the previous period and their role in the constitution of a national imaginary that used to have indian as a native symbol: through the different resignifications that passed the indigenous body, whether in painting and sculpture, or in the field of illustration and literature, we will examine how Amoedo introduces himself as a renewer of the academic indianism, rearranging the specific elements of the nationalist rhetoric at the end of the Second Empire. (AU)

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Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
COSTA, Richard Santiago. The indigenous body reframed: Marabá and The Last Tamoio of Rodolfo Amoedo, and the nationalist rhetoric of the end of the Second Empire. 2013. Master's Dissertation - Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas Campinas, SP.

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