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Benzoxazine resin and their nanostructured composites degradation kinetic study.

Grant number: 11/18972-3
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): November 01, 2011
Effective date (End): April 30, 2013
Field of knowledge:Engineering - Aerospace Engineering
Principal researcher:Michelle Leali Costa
Grantee:Flávia Okamoto Untem
Home Institution: Faculdade de Engenharia (FEG). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Guaratinguetá. Guaratinguetá , SP, Brazil


Polybenzoxazines represent a new class of thermosetting phenolic resins, which have emerged in recent decades, surpassing the traditional properties of epoxy and phenolic resins applied in the aerospace industry. The polybenzoxazines associated thermal properties and flame retardancy of phenolic and mechanical properties of epoxy. Thus, polymers are considered high performance, high temperature resistance, dimensional stability, good electrical properties, high glass transition temperature, low moisture absorption, and do not require catalysts and do not generate byproducts during the cure, can be stored at ambient. Within this context, polybenzoxazines resins are excellent candidates to replace existing thermoset matrix composites used in obtaining high performance, both reinforced with carbon fibers and with nanoscale structures. The incorporation of low mass concentration of carbon nanotube (CNT) in polymer matrices can produce structural materials with superior properties. Accordingly, in order to evaluate the thermal stability of the resin and theirs benzoxazines nanostructured composites, this project aims to study the kinetics of degradation these materials by thermogravimetry. Thus, the benzoxazines neat resin and nanostructured composites with weigth concentrations of 0.1%, 0.5% and 1.0% (w/w) will be evaluated by thermogravimetry tests on different heating rates and kinetic models of degradation will be established based on the data generated. It is intended to understand the thermal behavior of the new benzoxazines resin and if the introduction of CNT in the polymer matrix affects the behavior of degradation.

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
UNTEM, FLAVIA O.; BOTELHO, EDSON C.; REZENDE, MIRABEL C.; COSTA, MICHELLE LEALI. Benzoxazine Resin/Carbon Nanotube Nanostructured Composite's Degradation Kinetic. Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, v. 14, n. 7, p. 5145-5150, JUL 2014. Web of Science Citations: 4.

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