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Effects of maternal high-fat pre-and postnatal diet on their adult offspring: study in behavioral models of depression, anxiety and aggression in rats

Grant number: 11/17577-3
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): November 01, 2011
Effective date (End): October 31, 2012
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Nutrition
Principal Investigator:Cristiano Mendes da Silva
Grantee:Lilian Fazion Hosoume
Home Institution: Instituto de Saúde e Sociedade (ISS). Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP). Campus Baixada Santista. Santos , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Recent studies of the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (BIGS) show increase of the overweight and obesity in Brazil. In this context, the high prevalence of overweight and obesity in women of childbearing age appears to be associated with consumption of high fat diets. Therefore, it is essential to investigate the consequences of this maternal nutrition during periods of pregnancy and/or lactation on brain development of their offspring. Previous investigations suggest that maternal obesity or maternal exposure to obesogenic diets (eg. high fat diets) may permanently alter brain structure and function of the offspring, possibly generating morphofunctional changes. Moreover, studies have also shown that the use of high-fat diet during critical periods of brain development (pre- and/or postnatal) could modulate persistent effects on neurotransmitter systems, such as serotoninergic and dopaminergic, leading to increased incidence of neurobehavioral disorders. Therefore, this research project will investigate the performance of the adult offspring of female rats submitted to high fat diet pre-or postnatal, in experimental models of depression (forced swimming) anxiety (plus maze) and aggressiveness (foot-shock).

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
MENDES-DA-SILVA, CRISTIANO; GIRIKO, CATHERINE ASSUKA; MENNITTI, LAIS VALES; HOSOUME, LILIAN FAZION; SOUTO, TAYANE DOS SANTOS; DA SILVA, ALEXANDRE VALOTTA. Maternal high-fat diet during pregnancy or lactation changes the somatic and neurological development of the offspring. Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria, v. 72, n. 2, p. 136-144, FEB 2014. Web of Science Citations: 20.

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