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The role of lncRNA Evf-2 in the modulation of HOX genes and metastatic potential of medulloblastoma

Grant number: 11/18664-7
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): December 01, 2011
Effective date (End): August 31, 2015
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Genetics
Principal Investigator:Aparecida Maria Fontes
Grantee:Ricardo Bonfim Silva
Home Institution: Hemocentro de Ribeirão Preto. Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto da USP (HCMRP). Secretaria da Saúde (São Paulo - Estado). Ribeirão Preto , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):14/13546-4 - Regulation of Skp2 by the Interleukin-7/STAT3 axis in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia, BE.EP.DR

Abstract

Over the last 10-15 years, it has been recognized that development is a key for understanding tumor evolution. Many genes that control development are altered in cancer cells and have implications in neoplastic transformation. In this respect, homeobox genes are primordial for development and their epigenetic deregulation is being progressively associated with tumor progression in various types of cancer. However, little is understood about how Hox genes contribute to the development of medulloblastoma. In medulloblastoma, it has been demonstrated that some Hox genes are altered, although the mechanisms involved in this deregulation have not been elucidated. It is known that lncRNA Evf-2 is an lncRNA typical of the central nervous system, that it is deregulated in some neuronal disorders and that specifically affects the transcription of protein homeodomains, which are proteins encoded by the Hox genes. Therefore, this led us to raise the hypothesis that deregulation of Hox genes may be associated with tumor evolution in medulloblastoma and that these mechanisms may involve interaction of lncRNA Evf-2. Thus, the objective of this project is to investigate the role of lncRNA Evf-2 in the modulation of Hox genes and in the metastatic potential of medulloblastoma. The methodology involved will be divided into three parts: (1) to investigate whether lncRNA Evf-2 and the Hox genes are deregulated in two meduloblastoma lines (Uw402 and Uw473); (2) to investigate the effect of the overexpression of the lncRNA Evf-2 in the expression of Hox genes, in the migratory and invasive in vitro potential and in the in vivo metastatic potential; (3) functional assays directed to investigate whether silencing of Hox genes have an in vivo and in vitro effect on the metastatic potential of medulloblastoma cells that overexpress the lncRNA Evf-2.

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
BONFIM-SILVA, RICARDO; FERREIRA MELO, FERNANDA URSOLI; THOME, CAROLINA HASSIBE; ABRAHAM, KURUVILLA JOSEPH; DE SOUZA, FABIO AUGUSTO LABRE; RAMALHO, FERNANDO SILVA; MACHADO, HELIO RUBENS; DE OLIVEIRA, RICARDO SANTOS; CARDOSO, ANGELO A.; COVAS, DIMAS TADEU; FONTES, APARECIDA MARIA. Functional analysis of HOXA10 and HOXB4 in human medulloblastoma cell lines. International Journal of Oncology, v. 51, n. 6, p. 1929-1940, DEC 2017. Web of Science Citations: 3.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.