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Sade and Casanova: strategic libertinism in the post-revolutionary era

Grant number: 11/18905-4
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research
Effective date (Start): January 01, 2012
Effective date (End): February 21, 2012
Field of knowledge:Linguistics, Literature and Arts - Literature - Comparative Literature
Principal researcher:André Luiz Barros da Silva
Grantee:André Luiz Barros da Silva
Host: Michel Delon
Home Institution: Escola de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (EFLCH). Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP). Campus Guarulhos. Guarulhos , SP, Brazil
Research place: Université Paris-Sorbonne (Paris 4), France  

Abstract

This research intend to be an investigation of the narrative strategies in the works Les crimes de l'amour [The crimes of love] (short-stories, 1799) and Histoire secrète d'Isabelle de Bavière [The secret history of Isabelle de Bavière] (novel, 1814), by Marquis de Sade, and some passages [?] describing the French stays of Casanova in France, in his autobiography Histoire de ma vie [History of my life] (1789-1798). The aim is to describe how these texts represent the shock between the sentimental-optimist and the libertine-pessimistic ethoi, in the pathetic dimension of the plots and in the History representation. The target of the investigation is to know how these works incorporate the antagonistic ethoi, since both authors counteract the democratic sentimentalism surreptitiously. In the short-stories, Sade alternate topoi, plots and scenarios of classical profile with the new sentimentalism of family taboos (incest, fathers searching husbands for their daughters, kidnapping of brides etc.). In the novel, he empties the classical History (of the "greats" of France) in favor of the erotic and politic pessimism. In both works, the man is saw as fundamentally (auto) destructive, and acts positively only as tactic or weakness. Casanova uses lyrical and neoclassical serenity to transmit a pessimistic and hedonistic view of an intense here-and-now, without plans or projects. The present work will investigate these types of narratives by means of manuscripts (in the Bibliothèque Nationale de France) and first editions research of the chosen corpus. (AU)

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