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Analysis in vivo and in vitro effect of apocynin on endothelial dysfunction in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR).

Grant number: 11/04619-0
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): March 01, 2012
Effective date (End): July 31, 2013
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Pharmacology - Cardiorenal Pharmacology
Principal Investigator:Cristina Antoniali Silva
Grantee:Ligia Arnedo Perassa
Host Institution: Faculdade de Odontologia (FOA). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Araçatuba. Araçatuba , SP, Brazil


Chronic treatment with NADPH oxidase inhibitors reduces the arterial pressure of SHR. As the main source of superoxide anion in the aorta, the activity of NADPH oxidase is associated with decreased NO bioavailability and uncoupling of eNOS. The purpose of this study will test the hypothesis that apocynin (NADPH oxidase inhibitor) reverses the endothelial dysfunction that occurs during the development of hypertension in SHR. For this purpose, normotensive Wistar and SHR are treated with apocynin (33 ug / kg/ day, po) from the fourth through the tenth week of life. During treatment, systolic blood pressure of animals will be checked by tail plethysmography. In vivo experiments will be conducted to assess possible changes in the baseline blood pressure (average systolic and diastolic) and heart rate, and the hypotensive responses stimulated by acetylcholine and sodium nitroprusside. In vitro experiments will be performed to determine if the treatment with apocynin promotes changes in [Ca +2] intracellular, production of NO and reactive oxygen species in endothelial cells (flow cytometry), and the protein expression for potassium channels and soluble guanylate cyclase in the aorta (Western Blott) of these animals.

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
PERASSA, LIGIA A.; GRATON, MURILO E.; POTJE, SIMONE R.; TROIANO, JESSICA A.; LIMA, MARIANA S.; VALE, GABRIEL T.; PEREIRA, ARIANA A. F.; NAKAMUNE, ANA CLAUDIA M. S.; SUMIDA, DORIS H.; TIRAPELLI, CARLOS R.; et al. Apocynin reduces blood pressure and restores the proper function of vascular endothelium in SHR. VASCULAR PHARMACOLOGY, v. 87, p. 38-48, . (11/20998-0, 11/04619-0, 12/01733-9)
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
PERASSA, Ligia Arnedo. Efeito da apocinina na hipertensão, disfunção endotelial e hipertrofia ventricular esquerda em Ratos Espontaneamente Hipertensos (SHR). 2013. Master's Dissertation - Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp). Faculdade de Odontologia. Araçatuba Araçatuba.

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