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A taxonomic review of the Musican Wren Cyphorhinus arada (Herman, 1783) (Aves: Troglodytidae)

Grant number: 11/16632-0
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): March 01, 2012
Effective date (End): October 31, 2013
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Zoology - Taxonomy of Recent Groups
Principal researcher:Luís Fábio Silveira
Grantee:Fernanda Bocalini
Home Institution: Instituto de Biociências (IB). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil


The genus Cyphorhinus is a member of the family Troglodytidae, a group of insectivorous passerine birds, found primarily in the New World and which includes three species that occur from Honduras to the North of Mato Grosso. Only Cyphorhinus arada occurs in Brazil, it's a polytypic specie, endemic from the Amazon. It is popularly known as the musican wren as an allusion to his melodious and remarkable song. Currently, this complex comprises eight subspecies: C. a. arada, C. a. salvini, C. a. modulator, C. a. transfluvialis, C. a. interpositus, C. a. griseolateralis, C. a. urbanoi and C. a. faroensis. A large geographical variation has been detected in this group, both in plumage patterns and in the vocalizations. Since the description of these taxa different taxonomic treatments were adopted, however, no extensive taxonomic review was conducted. Therefore, the objective of this project is to review the taxonomy of the complex Cyphorhinus arada based on morphological and vocal characters to identify independent evolutionary units and clarify phylogenetics and biogeographics relationships. Will be analyzed specimens deposited in scientific collections in Brazil and abroad, and there will be collects of additional material in areas considered important for this project. Morphological analysis will include plumage patterns and morphometry. Vocalizations characters will be inferred through sonograms. The phylogenies will be estimated using the program PAUP 4.10, through the criterion of maximum parsimony, the resulting cladogram will be rooted based on external groups. For the species delimitation the criterion adopted will be the diagnosability of the populations. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
BOCALINI, FERNANDA; FABIO SILVEIRA, LUIS. A taxonomic revision of the Musician Wren, Cyphorhinus arada (Aves, Troglodytidae), reveals the existence of six valid species endemic to the Amazon basin. Zootaxa, v. 4193, n. 3, p. 541-564, NOV 17 2016. Web of Science Citations: 0.

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