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Validation of electrical, mechanical and thermal nociceptive methods for pain assessment in horses treated with methadone associated with detomidine or acepromazine

Grant number: 11/21927-0
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): March 01, 2012
Effective date (End): February 28, 2014
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Veterinary Medicine
Principal Investigator:Stelio Pacca Loureiro Luna
Grantee:Carlize Lopes
Home Institution: Faculdade de Medicina (FMB). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Botucatu. Botucatu , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:10/08967-0 - Evaluation of clinical and experimental pain in animals, AP.TEM

Abstract

This study aims to validate different models of nociceptive stimuli in horses, establish a comparison between the different types of stimuli as well as determine a valid and reliable method to evaluate the effectiveness of analgesic drugs in this species. Eight adult horses will undergo three intravenous treatments: control (saline), MD (methadone 0.2 mg/kg + detomidine 10 mcg/kg) and MA (methadone 0.2 mg/kg + acepromazine 0.05 mg/kg) administered randomly and with a minimum interval of one week between each treatment. The antinociceptive activity will be evaluated using the voltage, temperature and mechanical pressure to the withdrawal reflex of the limb after electrical, thermical and mechanical stimulation. Electrical stimulation Will be performed with an electrical stimulator attached to the coronary band of the thoracic limb of the animal, starting with 1V and increasing until a nociceptive response is observed. The mechanical and thermal stimuli will be assessed with wireless devices, in which mechanical and thermal values will be recorded automatically on a digital display. To evaluate the mechanical stimulus, the probe will be fixed on the dorsal region of the third metatarsal bone of the animal and the pins will be pressed against the skin by means of pneumatic devices. For the evaluation of the thermal nociception, the probe will increase the temperature until the animal responds. (AU)

Articles published in Agência FAPESP about the scholarship:
Researchers create scales to evaluate pain in bovines, equines and swine 

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
LOPES, C.; LUNA, S. P. L.; ROSA, A. C.; QUARTERONE, C.; CROSIGNANI, N.; TAYLOR, P. M.; PANTOJA, J. C.; PUOLI, J. N. P. Antinociceptive effects of methadone combined with detomidine or acepromazine in horses. EQUINE VETERINARY JOURNAL, v. 48, n. 5, p. 613-618, SEP 2016. Web of Science Citations: 3.
LUNA, S. P. L.; LOPES, C.; ROSA, A. C.; OLIVEIRA, F. A.; CROSIGNANI, N.; TAYLOR, P. M.; PANTOJA, J. C. Validation of mechanical, electrical and thermal nociceptive stimulation methods in horses. EQUINE VETERINARY JOURNAL, v. 47, n. 5, p. 609-614, SEP 2015. Web of Science Citations: 7.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.