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Immediate effect of Laryngeal Manual Therapy in dysphonic individuals

Grant number: 12/02901-2
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): April 01, 2012
Effective date (End): March 31, 2013
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Speech Therapy
Principal researcher:Kelly Cristina Alves Silverio
Grantee:Ana Paula Reimann
Home Institution: Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru (FOB). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Bauru , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Laryngeal manual therapy is directed chiefly at the sternocleidomastoid muscles at the start of the intervention and, subsequently, at the supralaryngeal area. The rationale for targeting these areas, and this order, is based on the clinical observation that in many patients presenting with muscular tension dysphonia the sternocleidomastoid muscles are excessively tense. The primary aim of manual laryngeal therapy in the perilaryngeal, laryngeal area and neck muscles is to relax the excessively tense musculature which inhibits normal phonatory function. Clinical experience suggests that massage of these muscles lateral to the larynx reduces this tension, thereby reducing the patient's discomfort, and consequently their distress and anxiety, at an early stage of the intervention. The aim of this study is to evaluate the immediate effect of laryngeal manual therapy on voice quality of dysphonic functional individuals and of individuals without vocal complaints. Subjects will be 30 male and female aged between 18 and 45 years. Subjects are divided in two groups: Experimental Group (EG) - 15 individuals with functional dysphonia; Control Group (CG) - 15 individuals with normal voices and no vocal complaints. After signing the informed consent, the individuals will response a questionnaire with questions about age, occupation, possible vocal and laryngeal symptoms and symptoms of musculoskeletal pain in the neck and larynx; will use visual analog scales to report musculoskeletal pain on the cervical and laryngeal areas and their voices will be recorded. These procedures will performer before and after the appliance of laryngeal manual therapy and the results will be compared. The laryngeal manual therapy will be applied for 20 minutes. During this procedure, the examining clinician stands behind the individual who is seated in a low-backed chair. The clinician ensures that the subject is seated well back on the seat of the chair, that the spine is straight and that the head is in neutral position, so that the chin is not raised, depressed, retracted, or protruded. The therapist will do the massage on the sternocleidomastoid muscle and the larynx in both sides. All evaluation will take place before and after the realization of this procedure in both groups. Data will be analyzed statistically using parametric tests.

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
REIMANN, ANA PAULA; DONALONSO SIQUEIRA, LARISSA THAIS; RONDON, ANA VITORIA; BRASOLOTTO, ALCIONE GHEDINI; ALVES SILVERIO, KELLY CRISTINA. Immediate effect of laryngeal manual therapy in dysphonic individuals. CoDAS, v. 28, n. 1, p. 59-65, JAN-FEB 2016. Web of Science Citations: 4.
ANA PAULA REIMANN; LARISSA THAÍS DONALONSO SIQUEIRA; ANA VITÓRIA RONDON; ALCIONE GHEDINI BRASOLOTTO; KELLY CRISTINA ALVES SILVERIO. Efeito imediato da terapia manual laríngea em indivíduos disfônicos. CoDAS, v. 28, n. 1, p. -, Fev. 2016.

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