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Synthesis and electrical characterization of poly (3-Thiopheneacetic acid-co-3-hexylselenophene)

Grant number: 12/04612-8
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): May 01, 2012
Effective date (End): April 30, 2013
Field of knowledge:Engineering - Materials and Metallurgical Engineering
Principal Investigator:Fernando Henrique Cristovan
Grantee:Mateus Sousa Franco
Home Institution: Instituto de Ciência e Tecnologia (ICT). Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP). Campus São José dos Campos. São José dos Campos , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Conducting polymers discovered in the late 70s of last century caused a revolution in building electronic device. Today theses materials have been studied to replace conventional materials in electronic devices. Among conducting polymers the polythiopheno family present advanced such as high absorption of light in the visible and ultraviolet region, crystallinity and stability environment. However, there is much to do in the fundamental research on the synthesis of polythiophene derivates aiming at technology applications. An alternative to increase the efficiency these devices is the synthesis of the thiophenes copolymers with selenophenes (new class of monomers). These monomers can increase the conjugation of the polymer as well as improve the efficiency of the electronic devices. In this work, it will be synthesized a selenophene and thiophene copolymer (statistical and blocks), which will be compared with polythiophene analogous. This polymer will be characterized by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, Hydrogen and Carbon nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR and 13C NMR). The electrical properties will be analyzed by DC measurements in temperature function and room temperature. This undergraduate research project is of fundamental importance for the development of the project titled "Synthesis and Characterization of Copolymers of Selenofenos and Thiophenes" (process 2011/17475-6), which is being developed in ICT-UNIFESP. (AU)