|Support type:||Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate|
|Effective date (Start):||June 01, 2012|
|Effective date (End):||August 31, 2015|
|Field of knowledge:||Biological Sciences - Genetics - Human and Medical Genetics|
|Principal Investigator:||Maria Isabel Alves de Souza Waddington Achatz|
|Grantee:||Lisley Inata Mambelli|
|Home Institution:||A C Camargo Cancer Center. Fundação Antonio Prudente (FAP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil|
Li-Fraumeni syndrome is a syndrome of predisposition to cancer related to germline mutations in TP53. Carriers of these mutations are at high risk of developing tumors at an early age, and penetrance of them reaches 90% by age 60. Recent studies in southern Brazil have identified that approximately 0.3% of the local population is a carrier of a germline mutation in codon 337 of TP53. So far, 132 families were identified and followed at Hospital AC Camargo in Sao Paulo, whose genetic background has allowed the development of epidemiological studies and anthropometric characteristics of this cohort of individuals. Recent studies indicate that p53 plays a critical role in the regulation of differentiation and symmetrical division of stem cells. Stem cells are a cell population capable of self-renewal, responsible of generating identical copies of itself, and differentiation capacity of different cell types, besides almost unlimited proliferative capacity. Although such features are extremely attractive for tissue regeneration, recent studies have highlighted how these cells are responsible for maintaining tumor growth and metastasis. This study aims to isolate and characterize primary cultures of tumor stem cells from tumors of patients with Li-Fraumeni syndrome.