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Analysis of Metalloproteinases and Their Inhibitors in Chagas disease cardiomyopathy: Role of miRNAs in its Post-Transcriptional Regulation

Grant number: 12/11483-0
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2012
Effective date (End): April 30, 2014
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Immunology - Applied Immunology
Principal Investigator:Edecio Cunha Neto
Grantee:Monique Andrade Baron
Host Institution: Instituto do Coração Professor Euryclides de Jesus Zerbini (INCOR). Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da USP (HCFMUSP). Secretaria da Saúde (São Paulo - Estado). São Paulo , SP, Brazil


The Chagas disease cardiomyopathy (CCC) is an inflammatory dilated cardiomyopathy characterized by an intense cardiac remodeling, hypertrophy, fibrosis and a myocarditis rich in macrophages and T cells. This affects 20-40% of patients infected with Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi). To date, there are no markers to identify the population at risk for the development of CCC, and the survival of patients is shorter than that of patients with dilated heart of no inflammatory etiology. The process of cardiac remodeling is characterized by the restructuring of the extracellular matrix (ECM) which is mediated largely by enzymes from the endoproteinases group called matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and its specific inhibitors (TIMPs). 25 MMPs have been described in humans where modification of their expression and /or activity correlates to various pathological conditions including cardiovascular diseases. MMPs and TIMPs may have its expression regulated post-transcriptionally by microRNAs. These are small RNA molecules of 22 nucleotides that bind to complementary sequences present in specific mRNA 3' untranslated regions (3'UTR) called target, leading to cleavage of the latter and inhibition of translation, resulting in silencing of gene expression. The aim of this project is to evaluate the role of MMPs and TIMPs during Chagas' disease, in myocardium samples of patients with CCC. We will evaluate the expression of major MMPs and TIMPs by Real Time PCR, Western blotting, and immunohistochemistry as well study its proteolytic activity by zymography and for TIMPs, reverse zymography. After we select the main MMPs and TIMPs with their expression and/or activity altered we will analyze which miRNAs can act as regulatory elements of their expression and have an inverse expression pattern compared to that observed for MMPs and/or TIMPs. The results generated by the present work will contribute to elucidate the role of miRNAs, MMPs and TIMPs expression during CCC, allowing us to develop in the future new diagnostic tools, prognostic and therapeutic approaches to improve the quality of life of patients with CCC.

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Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
BARON, Monique Andrade. Analysis of matrix metalloproteinases and their inhibitors in heart tissue of chronic Chagas disease cardiomyopathy patients. 2015. Master's Dissertation - Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Medicina (FM/SBD) São Paulo.

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