|Support type:||Scholarships in Brazil - Master|
|Effective date (Start):||August 01, 2012|
|Effective date (End):||March 31, 2014|
|Field of knowledge:||Biological Sciences - Parasitology - Protozoology of Parasites|
|Principal researcher:||Wilma Aparecida Starke Buzetti|
|Grantee:||Julio Cesar Pereira Spada|
|Home Institution:||Faculdade de Engenharia (FEIS). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Ilha Solteira. Ilha Solteira , SP, Brazil|
Canine Visceral Leishmaniasis (CVL) is a zoonotical parasitic disease of great importance for public health and is caused by the protozoa Leishmania (L.) infantum (syn: L. (L.) chagasi) transmitted by sand fly bite of the specie Lutzomyia longipalpis. Leishmania species are intracellular macrophagic parasites from dogs, humans and many wild animal hosts that can cause the death of the hosts if without any treatment. This study aims to study the risk factors associated with dogs naturally infected with CVL and the distribution of sand flies in an outlying rural area known by "Cinturão Verde" from Ilha Solteira, SP, Brazil. The disease will be diagnosed by parasitological, serological (IFAT and ELISA) and molecular (PCR) tests. The insects will be collected using a CDC light trap placed monthly around the houses.