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Physical quality of Oxisol treated with sewage sludge after ten years

Grant number: 12/17586-5
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): November 01, 2012
Effective date (End): October 31, 2013
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Agronomy - Soil Science
Principal Investigator:Marlene Cristina Alves
Grantee:Tatiana Nishida Máximo da Cruz
Home Institution: Faculdade de Engenharia (FEIS). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Ilha Solteira. Ilha Solteira , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The history of land use shows that this change does not always give rise to a new sustainable ecological system, whether crops or pastures. Thus, soils and intensively used improperly, leads to soil degradation. Techniques aimed at restoration of degraded soils have been investigated. In this sense we are studying the influence of sewage sludge in the recovery of physical attributes of a degraded soil cultivated for 10 years with eucalyptus (Eucalyptus citriodora Hook) and Brachiaria (Brachiaria decumbens) in Selvíria, MS. The experimental design was a randomized block with six treatments and four replications. Treatments deployed in 2003 consisted of: control (no use of sewage sludge and mineral fertilizers); mineral fertilizer; 30 Mg ha-1 of sewage sludge; 60 Mg ha-1 of sewage sludge, soil exposed to untreated recovery and savannah vegetation in 2008 was conducted with the reapplication of sludge doses: 4.64 Mg ha-1 (dry basis) of biosolids and 9.28 Mg ha-1 (dry basis), respectively at 30 and 60 Mg ha-1. In the first four treatments described was planted eucalyptus and brachiaria street planting. In four soil layers, 0.00-0.05; 0.05-0.10, 0.10-0.20; of 0.20-0.40 m, will be studied attributes: soil porosity; soil density, distribution and aggregate stability in water, penetration resistance, pH, organic matter. Alongside will be also evaluated the development of eucalyptus and Brachiaria. The results will be analyzed by performing the analysis of variance, simple correlation and Tukey test at 5% probability for comparison of means.