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The night clubs as spaces of risk exposure: an ethnographic investigation of violence, unsafe sex and abuse of alcohol and other drugs in these environments

Grant number: 12/21258-3
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)
Effective date (Start): November 01, 2012
Effective date (End): June 30, 2016
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Collective Health
Principal researcher:Zila van der Meer Sanchez Dutenhefner
Grantee:Claudia Masur de Araujo Carlini
Home Institution: Escola Paulista de Medicina (EPM). Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP). Campus São Paulo. São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:11/51658-0 - Patterns of alcohol and other drugs consumption on nightclubs and bars: epidemiology, ethnography and intervention, AP.JP


The nightclubs or bars where there is music, dancing and liquor sales, frequented by young people in general, are places of risk for alcohol abuse and has been called "ballads" in São Paulo. Excessive consumption of alcohol in these "balladas" and all behavior resulting from intoxication has been the subject of international scientific interest in recent years and in parallel has gained ground in national media. The international literature describes an association of more intense patterns of alcohol consumption in these establishments with episodes of physical abuse, sexual risky behavior, sexual violence and traffic accidents after leaving that places. Understanding the factors associated with this risk consumption of alcohol in "baladas" is essential for prevention programs, focusing on the establishment and patrons are developed and implemented in order to reduce consumption risk. In Brazil, this topic is still little (or nothing) and studied because of its implications in public health and public policy, deserves great depth. One way to diagnose risk behaviors practiced in the ballads is epidemiological research and ethnographic these establishments in the city of São Paulo. The data obtained will provide guidance for preventive measures for the population exposed, based on data from local reality. Thus, this project aims to central ethnographic investigation of ballads in the city of São Paulo, to identify the main risk behaviors developed at these sites, assessing the role of their own patrons and employees of the establishment. Semi-structured interviews with owners of establishments, employees (bartenders and bouncers) and regulars, participant observations associated with the establishment activity, will be used in data collection. Content analysis of the interviews and field journal will describe the phenomenon and qualitative inferences about the risk factors identified in these establishments (violence, unsafe sex, alcohol and drugs) and their possible determination by beliefs and attitudes of those involved. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
CARLINI, CLAUDIA; ANDREONI, SOLANGE; SANCHEZ, ZILA M. Environmental Factors Associated with Psychotropic Drug Use in Brazilian Nightclubs. JOURNAL OF URBAN HEALTH-BULLETIN OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF MEDICINE, v. 94, n. 4, p. 549-562, AUG 2017. Web of Science Citations: 1.
CARLINI, CLAUDIA; ANDREONI, SOLANGE; MARTINS, SILVIA S.; BENJAMIN, MIGUEL; SANUDO, ADRIANA; SANCHEZ, ZILA M. Environmental characteristics associated with alcohol intoxication among patrons in Brazilian nightclubs. DRUG AND ALCOHOL REVIEW, v. 33, n. 4, SI, p. 358-366, JUL 2014. Web of Science Citations: 18.

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