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Persistent organic pollutants in blood samples of southern giant Petrels (Macronectes giganteus) on King George and Elephant islands, south Shetland, Antarctica

Grant number: 12/24218-2
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor
Effective date (Start): May 15, 2013
Effective date (End): January 14, 2014
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Oceanography - Chemical Oceanography
Principal researcher:Rosalinda Carmela Montone
Grantee:Fernanda Imperatrice Colabuono
Supervisor abroad: John Robert Kucklick
Home Institution: Instituto Oceanográfico (IO). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Research place: National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States  
Associated to the scholarship:12/04383-9 - Ecology and conservation of southern giant Petrels (Macronectes giganteus) on King George and Elephant islands, south Shetland, Antarctica: organic and inorganic pollutants and carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes as environmental indicators, BP.PD

Abstract

Seabirds play an important role as top consumers in the food chain and can serve as bioindicators of exposure to pollutants, drawing attention to potential threats to the environment and other animals. Contamination studies involving seabirds generally depend on the sampling of dead specimens, as practical and ethical aspects related to the collection of birds constitute an obstacle to research on contamination and impede the use of these animals as bioindicators. Thus, the validation of non-destructive sampling methods, such as the analysis of pollutants in the blood stream, can help overcome these limitations and is of considerable importance to monitoring studies, allowing better follow up of the concentrations of pollutants and the evaluation of their toxic effects. The aim of the present study is to contribute to the development of non-destructive methods for the study of organic pollutants in the Southern Giant Petrel (Macronectes giganteus) that is an important top predator of the South Atlantic and the Southern Ocean. Characteristics such as accentuated sexual dimorphism, segregated eating habits between males and females, low reproduction rate, late maturity and extended longevity make M. giganteus an ideal species for ecological, sexual trophic segregation and environmental contamination studies. Considering the potential of seabirds as bioindicators of pollution and environmental changes, this study will allow the long-term monitoring of individuals and populations and will furnish scientific evidence for the conservation of these species as well as their breeding grounds and migration routes. (AU)

News published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the scholarship:
Agrotóxicos ameaçam colônias de aves da Antártica  
Antarctic bird colonies endangered by agrochemicals  
Los plaguicidas constituyen una amenaza para colonias de aves antárticas  

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
COLABUONO, FERNANDA I.; POL, STACY S. VANDER; HUNCIK, KEVIN M.; TANIGUCHI, SATIE; PETRY, MARIA V.; KUCKLICK, JOHN R.; MONTONE, ROSALINDA C. Persistent organic pollutants in blood samples of Southern Giant Petrels (Macronectes giganteus) from the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica. Environmental Pollution, v. 216, p. 38-45, SEP 2016. Web of Science Citations: 5.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.