The objective of this project is to evaluate the consumption of ultra-processed food products in Brazil and its influence on diet quality and nutritional status. Data on food consumption and anthropometry from the Pesquisa de Orçamentos Familiares 2008-2009 will be analysed. Weight and height were directly measured and food consumption data were collect through two food records for all individuals aged 10 or more in 24,3% of the families evaluated in the complete survey. Ready-to-consume foodstuffs (foods, beverages and recipes) industrially manufactured from substances extracted or derived from whole foods, like oils e fats (hydrogenated or not), sugars, flours, starches, meat extracts will be classified as ultra-processed products. The pattern of consumption of these products will be characterized by analyzing their contribution to the total daily energy intake, their place (inside or outside home) and their mode (during the main meals or during snacks and with or without in natura or minimally processed foods) of consumption. The influence of family income and schooling on the consumption of ultraprocessed food products and its distribution across demographic and socioeconomic characteristics will be studied. Lastly, the influence of the consumption of ultra-processed food products on diet quality and obesity will be evaluated.
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