Through empirical investigation of friendship networks of young Japanese descendants (networks which may include non-descendants) by interviews and field research, this project proposes to study the dynamics involved in the formation of this kind of network in the region between three big cities of the state of São Paulo (São Paulo, Campinas and Sorocaba). The main objective is to seek for mobilized elements which are capable to define who is considered friend out of the Japanese-Brazilian association context. I mostly investigate the mobilization of the category "Japanese- descendant" and the affiliation to Japanese-Brazilian associations in this process. My hypothesis is that these institutions, through practices, people and notions circulations, act on the formation of these networks, which became ethnically-centered. I suppose that it happens because these institutions simultaneously forge the idea of an existing shared understanding (BAUMAN, 2003 apud, NAKAMOTO, 2010, p. 81) and the same possibility of an understanding building among them. In this process, the aim is to contribute to studies that understand friendship as a relationship which, (re)working the limits between who can or cannot be friend and who actually is, discuss about social distinctions and the build of the self, the notion of personhood and the other. It emphasizes the different meanings which friendship assumes, a study that has been left as a secondary question for much time in the anthropological field.
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