|Support type:||Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate|
|Effective date (Start):||March 01, 2013|
|Effective date (End):||February 29, 2016|
|Field of knowledge:||Biological Sciences - Microbiology - Applied Microbiology|
|Principal researcher:||Regina Teresa Rosim Monteiro|
|Grantee:||Gleison de Souza|
|Home Institution:||Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (CENA). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Piracicaba , SP, Brazil|
The mushrooms are foods greatly appreciated since old age because they believe in its high nutritional value and medicinal potential, and are classified as a noble spice in culinary dishes. This project aims to improve the digestibility of plant material, that will be cultivated edible fungi of the Pleurotus genus on various substrates (Brachiaria, Buffel grass, Napier grass, Aruana grass, sugar cane shredded and sugar cane bagasse), which will serve as food for ruminants. The enzymatic extracts produced by Pleurotus sajor-caju CCB 020, Pleurotus ostreatus, Pleurotus albidus CCB 068 and Pleurotus shimeji will be applied to the ruminants diet, to determine the possible earnings in quality diets, evaluated by in vitro gas production technique and bromatological substrate analysis. The activities of laccase, peroxidase, manganese peroxidase, lignin peroxidase and xylanase enzymes will be determined according to methodology described in the literature. The results are statistically evaluated by factorial analysis of variance (ANOVA), using Statistica software.