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Effect of the substitution of potassium by sodium on eucalyptus grandis w. Hill ex Maiden wood, aiming the expansion of forest plantations under hydric stress

Grant number: 12/16445-9
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): April 01, 2013
Effective date (End): February 28, 2014
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Forestry Resources and Forestry Engineering - Technology and Use of Forest Products
Principal Investigator:Mario Tommasiello Filho
Grantee:Mariana Pires Franco
Home Institution: Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALQ). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Piracicaba , SP, Brazil

Abstract

In Brazil, most plantations are generally established in regions of low fertility, low in potassium and subjected to long periods of drought. The expansion of forest plantations may be affected by climate change, with the change in the frequency and intensity of precipitation. The physiological mechanisms that trees hold to minimize the resulting phenomena from water deficit are based, among other mechanisms, in osmotic settings that in the presence of K+ and Na+, improves stomatal control preventing water loss and promoting the establishment and development of tree plantations. Thus, understanding the processes and interactions between potassium and sodium availability and operation of forest stands, especially the growth in diameter of the trunk and the formation of wood of trees becomes decisive. The possibility of full or partial replacement of sodium by potassium fertilization of forest plantations is of great interest to Brazil, reducing its dependence on fertilizer and production costs. In this context, an alternative to these evaluations are permanent dendrometers for measuring the stem diameter growth of trees, which have proved efficient, low cost, high accuracy and assessment of growth of the trunk in reduced time intervals. Moreover, the use of new technologies in Brazil and the latest equipment to characterize the quality of the wood, such as optical emission spectroscopy with laser-induced plasma (LIBS) and near infrared spectroscopy (NIR) allows the establishment standardized procedures and activities to determine with certainty the quality of wood used for various purposes. Given this, the present study aims at evaluating the replacement effect of potassium by sodium in diameter growth and wood quality of Eucalyptus grandis in order to guide the fertilizer with potassium and sodium in forest plantations subject to water stress caused by climate change. (AU)

Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
FRANCO, Mariana Pires. Effect of the substitution of potassium by sodium on trees of Eucalyptus grandis W. Hill ex Maiden, aiming the expansion of forest plantations under hydric stress. 2014. Master's Dissertation - Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz Piracicaba.

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