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Alcohol, tobacco and chronic diseases: concordance between old couples

Grant number: 12/19988-3
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): April 01, 2013
Effective date (End): September 30, 2014
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Medicine
Principal Investigator:Cleusa Pinheiro Ferri
Grantee:Mayra Pires Alves Machado
Home Institution: Escola Paulista de Medicina (EPM). Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP). Campus São Paulo. São Paulo , SP, Brazil


Background: Given the fast aging of the world population, especially in developing countries, and its contribution to increase the relevance of chronic diseases, understanding the risk behaviors that contribute to increase disability and mortality in this age group is critical to develop interventions that promote healthy aging and extending the number of years lived and those lived without disability. This study aims to understand the relationship between concordant or not concordant behavior (alcohol consumption, smoking and exercise) of elderly couples (65 years old and more) and their relationship with the presence of chronic diseases (heart attack, angina, hypertension, diabetes and stroke - stroke) in those couples. Methods: It will be done a secondary analysis of the original study 10/66 Dementia Research Group, in which data were collected from a household interview of all seniors above 65 years old from geographically defined areas of 6 low and middle income countries (Cuba, Mexico, Peru, Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic, Venezuela) with sample of approximately 12,000 individuals. It will be used data related to physical and mental health (angina, stroke, hypertension, diabetes, stroke and depression) and health behaviors (physical activity and alcohol and tobacco consumption). Through analysis of prevalence and logistic regression, it will be investigated the concordance relationship between health behaviors and physical and mental health conditions in older couples. This same concordance relationship will also be analyzed between unmarried couples, and it will be investigated whether socioeconomic and cultural factors affect the concordance.

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
ALVES MACHADO, MAYRA PIRES; OPALEYE, DAVI CAMARA; PEREIRA, TIAGO VEIGA; PADILLA, IVAN; NOTO, ANA REGINA; PRINCE, MARTIN; FERRI, CLEUSA PINHEIRO. Alcohol and tobacco consumption concordance and its correlates in older couples in Latin America. Geriatrics & Gerontology International, v. 17, n. 11, p. 1849-1857, NOV 2017. Web of Science Citations: 4.

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