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Degradation of the herbicide diuron by soil bacteria isolated from the culture of sugar cane and evaluation of the toxicity of metabolites generated about fish

Grant number: 13/00811-9
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): May 01, 2013
Effective date (End): November 30, 2014
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Microbiology - Applied Microbiology
Principal researcher:Eleni Gomes
Grantee:Pedro Lucas Bueno da Silva
Home Institution: Instituto de Biociências, Letras e Ciências Exatas (IBILCE). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de São José do Rio Preto. São José do Rio Preto , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The intensification of agriculture and the use of pesticides has led to large amounts of these compounds and their derivatives in soils and aquatic environments. To minimize the presence of these xenobiotic compounds in the medium, have been suggested bioremediation techniques which uses the activity of micro-organisms to eliminate or reduce these pollutants. The attack aromatics and chlorinated by micro-organisms or their enzymes free in the medium, can lead to desirable biodegradation process, resulting derivatives chemically simpler and less toxic to the total mineralization of the compound. The present work aims to study the potential degradation of the herbicide diuron by bacteria isolated from soil cultivation of sugarcane with a history of application of this herbicide, identify the metabolites generated and assess their toxic potential using aquatic animals. Will evaluate the toxicity of the metabolites generated in fish, using as endpoints comet assay, which identifies damage to DNA of organisms and enzymes biotransformation, in order to check whether the metabolites are more or less toxic than diuron.

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Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
SILVA, Pedro Lucas Bueno da. Degradação do herbicida diuron por bactérias isoladas de solos de cultura de cana-de-açúcar e avaliação da toxidade dos metabolitos gerados sobre peixes. 2015. 73 f. Master's Dissertation - Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho" Instituto de Biociências, Letras e Ciências Exatas..

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