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The literary theory of Jean-Paul Sartre in his romanesque production

Grant number: 12/25486-0
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): June 01, 2013
Effective date (End): February 28, 2015
Field of knowledge:Linguistics, Literature and Arts - Literature
Principal Investigator:Arnaldo Franco Junior
Grantee:Thiago Henrique de Camargo Abrahão
Home Institution: Instituto de Biociências, Letras e Ciências Exatas (IBILCE). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de São José do Rio Preto. São José do Rio Preto , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Jean-Paul Sartre, French philosopher and writer of the twentieth century, wrote his novels under the characteristics of his existentialist thought and his ideas about literature, considering the novelistic writing, whose task would be to present itself as a mean for possible symbolic solutions to the existential conflicts of the man of his time, a possible way of unveiling the world and affirmation of human freedom. From a dialectical relationship between author and reader, Sartre points out that these two parts incite one another, which leads to the fact that the freedom of one, when expressed, unveils the freedom of the other. The French writer intended, therefore, consider an existential theory of the novel from which, among other factors, will be abandoned the position of omniscient narrator and employed a novel technique of composition founded on a metaphysics of freedom to refuse any trace of determinism in the course of the narrative. Became evident, therefore, novels focused on the human concerns immersed in a time of great political, social, and cultural turmoil, in which, through an engaged art, the author would foster the critical thinking and the human responsibility, according to a pact of generosity between himself and the reader. That's exactly the question of freedom, important to both Sartre's philosophy and literature, which is needed on the issue of engagement, because, on one hand, it has to Existentialism as a cornerstone of its precepts, condemning the man to be free and responsible for their actions, and, on the other hand, in convergence, in his literary theory the freedom is also essential requirement for understanding the relationship that is established between writer and reader in understanding the literary work, stating, with it, the possibility of the Literature elucidate the reality. It is expected, therefore, to study two novels of Sartre (which are part of five works) in the light of the grounds listed by the author in his theoretical and critical works, aiming to point out how their ideas about literature are considered in its novelistic production, marking the convergences and divergences between what Sartre theorizes and what he indeed fulfills.

Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
ABRAHÃO, Thiago Henrique de Camargo. A teoria literária de Jean-Paul Sartre em sua produção romanesca. 2015. 173 f. Master's Dissertation - Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho" Instituto de Biociências, Letras e Ciências Exatas..

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