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Social housing in consolidated urban centers: analysis of projects developed in the city of São Paulo and in Madri (2004-2012)

Grant number: 13/09511-8
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Master's degree
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2013
Effective date (End): December 31, 2013
Field of knowledge:Applied Social Sciences - Architecture and Town Planning
Principal Investigator:Leandro Silva Medrano
Grantee:Cássia Bartsch Nagle
Supervisor abroad: Carmen Espegel Alonso
Home Institution: Faculdade de Engenharia Civil, Arquitetura e Urbanismo (FEC). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil
Local de pesquisa : Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM), Spain  
Associated to the scholarship:12/12321-3 - Social housing in consolidated urban centers: analysis of projects developed in the City of São Paulo and in Madri (2004-2012), BP.MS

Abstract

The process of urbanization of Brazilian cities has recently followed a horizontal expansion model, with the construction of new districts far from urban centers, and with housing construction on the outskirts of the cities, leading to the emptying of the urban centers, besides locomotion problems, loss of functions, peripherization, land speculation, occupation of risk areas, precarious settlements and reduction of public areas. The necessity of the "return to the center" has been the object of architectural and city planning studies and proposals for decades. Among the various solutions pointed out for the improvement of the central, densed and consolidated areas, is the renovation of urban centers and urban sustainability. The theme of social housing is common and the potential of promoting collective life, developing infra-structure and rehabilitate public spaces depends on it. Thus, the objective of this research is to analyses the methodological and theorical possibilities in contemporary architecture and city planning, for social housing projects in consolidated urban centers. In addition to the study about the theme of social housing in Brazil, it is proposed the analysis and the comparison of the theorical, technical and methodological basis of this projects to others, with similar nature, elaborated in central areas of Madri, in the beginning of the 21st century. Thus, as pointed in the main project, it is pretended the solicitation of the Bolsa Estágio de Pesquisa no Exterior (BEPE), to make a profound research about the theme. This project is part of an ampler research, realized in order to the already firmed association between the Laboratory of Studies in Contemprary Architecture (LEAC), from FEC-Unicamp, and the Group of Investigation About Collective Housing (GIVCO), from ETSAM-UPM (Politechnic University of Madri). The project is linked to process number 2011/50248-3, under the title "social housing in densed urban areas: methodological guidelines for projects in Brazil", under the responsibility of Professor PhD Leandro Medrano (fomentation line: Research Support - Regular) and to the process number 2012/12321-3, under the title "social housing in consolidated urban centers: analysis of projects developed in the city of São Paulo and in Madri (2004-2012)", under the responsibility of Professor PhD Leandro Medrano (fomentation line: Regular Program / Scholarship / Inland / Master / Continual Flux). (AU)