|Support type:||Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate|
|Effective date (Start):||August 01, 2013|
|Effective date (End):||May 31, 2015|
|Field of knowledge:||Applied Social Sciences - Architecture and Town Planning - Fundamentals of Architecture and Urbanism|
|Principal Investigator:||Hugo Massaki Segawa|
|Grantee:||Liziane Peres Mangili|
|Home Institution:||Faculdade de Arquitetura e Urbanismo (FAU). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil|
This research analyses the conflict of values and meanings in the recognition of cultural heritage preservation practices in Lençóis, Bahia. This was the first urban center preserved at the request of its own inhabitants by Brazil's National Historic and Artistic Heritage Institute. This research examines the local community's conflicting intentions and the various steps taken by authorities since the beginning of the preservation process in 1971. Since then, residents have continued to content with a series of government interventions including those of the Historic Cities Program, the creation of the Chapada Diamantina National Park by the Brazilian Forest Development Institute, the Tourism Development Program of Bahia and the Northeast, and the Monuments Program. Through interviews and documentary research, it is evident that there are many disagreements between local citizens and experts about the meanings of preservation, as well as internal differences among heritage organizations and conservations programs. In determining certain goods and values necessarily disregard others, and taken together with cyclical factors, cultural heritage has been reinterpreted in Lençóis. These, in addition to the lack of participation in decisions about what to preserv and how to do it, caused clashes that have revealed forms of cultural resistence. This research concludes that understanding all the nuances of local culture and needs is critical to the effective management and characterization of heritage sites, and that this process should be more inclusive and participatory in the life of a city.