The project will investigate the experiences and identities of African urban workers of Lourenço Marques in the late nineteenth century until the mid-1930s. Located in the south of Mozambique, the city of Lourenço Marques became the capital of Portuguese colonialism in the region in the 1890s and grew rapidly in the early decades of the twentieth century. Its strategic importance as a place of passage of workers and goods attracted a diverse population, composed of people from different regions: Europeans, Indians, Chinese, and especially Africans who lived in the rural areas around the city or south of the river Save. This growth was accompanied by a learning process of colonization by the metropolitan government that systematically excluded Africans by building a peculiarity of the African worker, to explore these workers. Because of that is impossible to reconstruct the experiences and identities of African workers of the city without thinking the very myriad of categories used to classify that population. I intend to rebuild the categories and the uses of these classification categories, as well as the experiences and identities of urban African workers of Lourenço Marques by the documentation produced in the administrative colonial day to day, by the reports and memoirs published, by the rich and vast Laurentina media and especially through criminal cases.
News published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the scholarship: