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Eugenics in humor of the Illustrated Magazine Careta: race and color during the Interim Government (1930-1934)

Grant number: 13/05598-1
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2013
Effective date (End): November 30, 2014
Field of knowledge:Humanities - History - History of Brazil
Principal Investigator:Fabiana Lopes da Cunha
Grantee:Leonardo Dallacqua de Carvalho
Home Institution: Faculdade de Ciências e Letras (FCL-ASSIS). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Assis. Assis , SP, Brazil

Abstract

With the beginning of the Provisional Government in 1930, Brazil penetrates into a new policy under the leadership of Getúlio Vargas, who brought to the national scene a new way to govern and manage the nation. This emerging government brings changes in the wider social scale, either labor, functionalist, or educational, and a new way of seeing the country. This government will have their own policies to the treat of immigrants, communists, Jews, blacks, etc, which why we should be questioning the situation of the speech of eugenics in the early 1930s. Through the weekly magazine Careta, who had been in circulation on saturdays since 1908, we have an important source that mix humor and social criticism to the Brazilian reality. In the period from 1930 to 1934, in many of your editions, the magazine analyzes through caricatures and texts the situation of the negro in the Brazilian scenario and the relationship of the present policy. The research has for goal analyze the journal at clipping proposed time and problematize the humorous vision of the magazine about the negro in the present society as well as the discourses on eugenics between the years of 1930 to 1934. (AU)