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Screening and mapping of fungal quorum sensing by ambient mass spectrometry: chemical profiling and localization of molecules involved in networking biocontrol among fungal agents and different phytopathogens

Grant number: 13/15575-9
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor
Effective date (Start): January 01, 2014
Effective date (End): December 31, 2014
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Agronomy
Principal Investigator:Marcos Nogueira Eberlin
Grantee:Alessandra Tata
Supervisor abroad: Demian R. Ifa
Home Institution: Instituto de Química (IQ). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil
Local de pesquisa : York University, Canada  
Associated to the scholarship:11/06191-7 - MALDI-TOF and ESI-MS fingerprinting for bacteria identification in culture media and semen as a tool for sanitary excelence in bovine embryo in vitro production, BP.PD

Abstract

The exchange of signaling molecules among microorganisms is commonly called quorum sensing (QS) and allows coordination of the microbial behaviors. These interactions among microorganisms, especially bacteria, have been studied since 60s. However, fungal intra-species metabolic exchange is still a new field of research. In this project, we propose the developing of a mass spectrometric method for the study of the exchange of signaling metabolites between the most used biocontrol fungal agent, Trichoderma harzianum, and phytopathogens species that attack several plants causing economic loss worldwide. Mass spectrometry, such as nano-desorption electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (Nano-DESI) and matrix assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI) , has been recently employed to detect molecules secreted by both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria and to study interactions between different species.Hereby, we propose the use of desorption electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (DESI-MS) profiling and imaging to monitor, characterize, and localize the metabolites released during the interaction between the most-marketed biocontrol agent, the fungus Trichoderma harzanium and the following phytophatogens: Moniliophthora roreri, (a fungus that attacks cacao fruits which is forbidden to import in Brazil since it did not infect yet the Brazilian plantations), Rhizoctonia solani (a fungus that attacks roots of cereals), Pythium ultimum (a fungus that attacks corn fields wordwide), Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici (the fungus that causes the most widespread cereal root disease in the world) and Phytophtora palmivora (a phytophatogen that attacks coconut, papaya and cacao plants) directly from the agar plate. The five phytophatogens mentioned above have been chosen due to their high dissemination worldwide and the economic loss caused. We expect to provide a significant advancement in the understanding the spatial-temporal dynamics of metabolite production during the interaction between the most marketed biocontrol agent and some world-spread phytopathogens. (AU)

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
TATA, ALESSANDRA; PEREZ, CONSUELO; CAMPOS, MICHEL L.; BAYFIELD, MARK A.; EBERLIN, MARCOS N.; IFA, DEMIAN R. Imprint Desorption Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry Imaging for Monitoring Secondary Metabolites Production during Antagonistic Interaction of Fungi. Analytical Chemistry, v. 87, n. 24, p. 12298-12304, DEC 15 2015. Web of Science Citations: 14.
TATA, ALESSANDRA; PEREZ, CONSUELO J.; HAMID, TANAM S.; BAYFIELD, MARK A.; IFA, DEMIAN R. Analysis of Metabolic Changes in Plant Pathosystems by Imprint Imaging DESI-MS. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR MASS SPECTROMETRY, v. 26, n. 4, p. 641-648, APR 2015. Web of Science Citations: 19.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.