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Efficacy of neuromuscular electrical stimulation treatment on oropharyngeal dysphagia in elderly after stroke

Grant number: 11/18242-5
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2013
Effective date (End): February 28, 2015
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Speech Therapy
Principal Investigator:Giédre Berretin-Felix
Grantee:Cláudia Tiemi Mituuti
Home Institution: Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru (FOB). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Bauru , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Functional impairments due aging, added to teeth loss, may be potentiated by neurological diseases, resulting in oropharyngeal dysphagia, important cause of morbidity and mortality in this population. On presence of neurogenic oropharyngeal dysphagia, the literature is scarce regarding the efficacy of odontological and speech language methods of rehabilitation in this population, being the Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation (NMES) described as an important adjunt treatment. However no studies were found that approaches the effect of sensory NMES in the elderly in the late phase of stroke onset. The purpose of this study is verify the short and medium-term effect of sensory NMES therapy in elderly chronic stroke who have undergone conventional therapy without success. Ten elderly post stroke with oropharyngeal dysphagia with good oral health, and who have undergone conventional therapy without success, will be classified on functional oral intake scale, evaluated by videofluoroscopy exam and electromyography of suprahyoid muscles during swallowing, as well as applied the protocol of quality of life SWAL-QOL, before, immediately after and after 3 months of rehabilitation with NMES. All individuals will be treated with sensory NMES during effortful swallow, a total of 12 sessions (three times a week), with duration of 20 minutes. The results will be tabulated and submitted to statistical analysis (AU)

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
MITUUTI, CLAUDIA TIEMI; ALVES DA SILVA ARONE, MARCELA MARIA; ROSA, RAQUEL RODRIGUES; BERRETIN-FELIX, GIEDRE. Effects of Sensory Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation on Swallowing in the Elderly Affected by Stroke: A Pilot Study. TOPICS IN GERIATRIC REHABILITATION, v. 34, n. 1, p. 71-81, JAN-MAR 2018. Web of Science Citations: 0.
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
MITUUTI, Cláudia Tiemi. Efficiency of neuromuscular electrical stimulation in the treatment of oropharyngeal dysphagia in elderly patients with stroke. 2015. Doctoral Thesis - Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru Bauru.

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