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Efficacy of a photodynamic therapy protocol for the inactivation of Candida species

Grant number: 13/04179-5
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): October 01, 2013
Effective date (End): September 30, 2014
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Dentistry - Dental Clinics
Principal researcher:Daniela Garcia Ribeiro
Grantee:Karla Bonfa
Home Institution: Faculdade de Odontologia de Ribeirão Preto (FORP). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Ribeirão Preto , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The species of the Candida genus are responsible for a large part of cases of infections, with oral candidosis being highly prevalent. Considering the problems attributed to fungal resistance due to conventional treatments, alternative therapies for candidoses have been developed, among them photodynamic therapy (PDT). PTD protocols may be more easily assimilated into clinical practice if materials that have been approved for dental use are used. Therefore, in this in vitro study, the proposal is to evaluate the effectiveness of PDT for the inactivation of Candida albicans and Candida dubliniensis, two ATCC strains and two resistant to fluconazole, in their planktonic form. For this purpose, the following will be used: a concentration of 5% erythrosine (E), three doses of LED light in the blue wavelength (36, 108 or 180 J/cm2), and two pre-irradiation times (30 seconds or 1 minute). The cultures of planktonic and biofilm suspensions will be evaluated in the following manner: (L+E+), 5% erythrosine application followed by LED irradiation; (L-E+), erythrosine application only; (L+E-), saline application followed by irradiation; (L-E-) saline application only. The number of colony forming units (CFU/mL) of the microorganisms will be obtained after treatments. The Student's-t test will be used in comparison with a mean with a standard value, and in the comparison of two means, considering significance level of 5%.

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
DA SILVA, NATHALIA RAMOS; RIBEIRO, DANIELA GARCIA; MARDEGAN ISSA, JOAO PAULO; BONFA, KARLA; MENEZES, MICHELLI SOBREIRO; OLIVEIRA, VIVIANE DE CASSIA; DE SOUZA, RAPHAEL FREITAS. Preclinical study of a cost-effective photodynamic therapy protocol for treating oral candidoses. Lasers in Medical Science, v. 32, n. 6, p. 1253-1260, AUG 2017. Web of Science Citations: 2.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.