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Revolution, anarchy and communism: at the roots of Italy’s internacionalist socialism (1871-1876)

Grant number: 13/16178-3
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): November 01, 2013
Effective date (End): February 28, 2017
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Political Science - Political Theory
Principal Investigator:Walquiria Gertrudes Domingues Leao Rego
Grantee:Gualtiero Marini
Host Institution: Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas (IFCH). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):14/15979-5 - Research on the primary and secondary sources: Carlo Cafiero, Andrea Costa, Errico Malatesta and the first international in Italy (1871-1876), BE.EP.DR


This project aims to examine the first years of life of the Italian socialist movement (1871-1876) that roughly correspond to the events of the Italian Federation of the International Workers Association (1871-1880), which since its debut represented the anti-authoritarian fraction of the historical organization created in London in 1864. This research aims to reconstruct, taking as ground the works of four key players of this decade - Carlo Cafiero (1846-1892), Andrea Costa (1851-1910) and Errico Malatesta (1853-1932) - not only the social and political landscape of that time but, most of all, to describe the theoretical path achieved by the three Italian revolutionaries, through which they became advocates of a unique political formula known as "anarchist communism". To better understand which - theoretical, historical, economical, political and social - elements contributed to this development, we'll retrace the first steps of Italian socialism, both in texts and actions, historically marked by a post-risorgimentale dissatisfaction with the Unification of the country (1861) - that has proven its inability to meet the proletarian demands for a political renewal - and a strong influence of the figure of Mikhail Bakunin in the national territory. The parallel lives and ideas of our protagonists, will lead us through theoretical and historiographical problems of significant importance. Such as: the process of ideological transformation of Italian socialism, the relation between marxism and anarchism, the concept of revolution in Italy and its link with the tradition of the Risorgimento, the relations town/country and worker/peasant, the anti-parliamentary and abstentionist controversy. All questions that this research aims to enlighten, supporting itself on the dated yet not always clarifying literature on the subject. (AU)

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Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
MARINI, Gualtiero. Revolution, anarchy and communism: to the roots of Italian internationalist socialism (1871-1876). 2017. Doctoral Thesis - Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas Campinas, SP.

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