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Virulence factors and intraclonal diversity of ESBL and carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli clinical isolates

Grant number: 13/26188-6
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor
Effective date (Start): May 01, 2014
Effective date (End): April 30, 2015
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Microbiology - Applied Microbiology
Principal researcher:Ana Lúcia da Costa Darini
Grantee:Leonardo Neves de Andrade
Supervisor abroad: Luísa Maria Sobreira Vieira Peixe
Home Institution: Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas de Ribeirão Preto (FCFRP). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Ribeirão Preto , SP, Brazil
Research place: Universidade do Porto (UP), Portugal  
Associated to the scholarship:11/08892-2 - Molecular investigation of Klebsiella pneumoniae strains and plasmids carrying beta-lactamases encoding genes, BP.PD

Abstract

The association of advantage traits as resistance to antimicrobial agents and virulence is a complex scenario in the management of bacterial infections. Currently, high-risk clones or clonal complexes (HiRCC) has been responsible for the international dissemination of antibiotic resistant and/or virulence determinants, contributing to increases of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Besides, the time-consuming to detect a microorganism (and respectively adaptive advantage traits) have also contributes to delay in the accurate medical intervention. The global aim of this study is to characterize ESBL- and carbapenemase-producing K. pneumoniae and extraintestinal E. coli clones or clonal variants and/or plasmids with enhanced epidemicity and pathogenic potential circulating in the clinical setting in Brazil. For this purpose, we will study bacteria identified from hospitalized patients from four main hospitals in the northeast of São Paulo State in 2012. Characterization will include evaluation of phylogenetic relationships among isolates of same species, investigation of virulence potential (including virulence gene content and capsular types) and in vitro ability to biofilm formation. In addition, the ability of high-throughput tools for identification/discrimination of clones, antibiotic resistance and/or virulence genes will be investigated. The knowledge of the content of virulence factors and the pathogenic potential of ESBL- and carbapenemase-producing K. pneumoniae and E. coli contributes to a better understanding of bacterial colonization, pathogenicity and persistence abilities, thereby, it could provide tools for a higher efficacy in the management of bacterial infections by improving infection control measures and antibiotic therapy decisions. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
ANDRADE, LEONARDO NEVES; NOVAIS, ANGELA; MARCATO STEGANI, LENITA MARIA; FERREIRA, JOSEANE CRISTINA; RODRIGUES, CARLA; COSTA DARINI, ANA LUCIA; PEIXE, LUISA. Virulence genes, capsular and plasmid types of multidrug-resistant CTXM(-2,-8,-15) and KPC-2-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates from four major hospitals in Brazil. DIAGNOSTIC MICROBIOLOGY AND INFECTIOUS DISEASE, v. 91, n. 2, p. 164-168, JUN 2018. Web of Science Citations: 2.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.