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Air pollutants and hospitalar admission due to respiratory diseases: a time serie study

Grant number: 13/19430-5
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): February 01, 2014
Effective date (End): January 31, 2015
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Collective Health - Public Health
Principal researcher:Luiz Fernando Costa Nascimento
Grantee:Nicole Vargas Patto
Home Institution: Instituto Básico de Biociências (IBB). Universidade de Taubaté (UNITAU). Taubaté , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The effects of exposure to air pollutants on human health is reflected preferably in diseases of the respiratory tract. The age groups most affected are children and the elderly. The aim of this study is to estimate the role of air pollutants in hospitalizations for pneumonia in children living in São José do Rio Preto, SP. It will be an ecological time series with data from hospitalizations in children under 10 years of age, living in São José do Rio Preto, SP. The admission data will be obtained from Datasus (daily data obtained by routine File Transfer – SIH reduzida). The data of air pollutants will be obtained from CETESB. The study period is from 01.07.2011 to 30.06.2012. Relative risks of hospitalization will be estimated according to exposure to PM10, NO, NO2 and O3. The statistical analysis will use the generalized additive model Poisson regression because admissions are infrequent and discrete data.

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