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Cladistics analysis of the subfamily Sarginae Walker, 1854 (Diptera: Stratiomyidae)

Grant number: 14/05793-1
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2014
Effective date (End): December 31, 2018
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Zoology - Taxonomy of Recent Groups
Principal Investigator:Dalton de Souza Amorim
Grantee:Diego Aguilar Fachin
Host Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto (FFCLRP). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Ribeirão Preto , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):18/00788-0 - Surroundings of the Sarginae: the odd Afrotropical genus Gongrosargus and a broader sampling of Chrysochlorinae, the sargine putative sister-group, BE.EP.DR   15/25736-5 - Redefining generic concepts in the subfamily Sarginae (Diptera: Stratiomyidae): the odd Afrotropical fauna, BE.EP.DR


The family Stratiomyidae presents 2,872 described species in 377 genera in the world, distributed in twelve subfamilies. The subfamily Sarginae is one of the most diverse groups, with 562 described species in 22 genera, including 267 species in eight genera known from Neotropical. The family probably originated in the Cretaceous and it is possible that their evolution is related to the evolution of angiosperm rainforests. This fauna was poorly studied and there is not integration between the knowledge of the diversity of the group in the region with the knowledge of the fauna in the world, in other words, there is not a cladistic analysis for the subfamily allowing the insertion of its genera in a global perspective. In addition, there is still not a proposal of the relationships between the genera of the subfamily or between the species of its genera. Adults of sargines have five to six flagellomeres in the antenna and the last flagellomere modified in arista and the presence of vein bm-cu in the wings. Although Sarginae is regarded as a monophyletic group, almost nothing has been proposed on the phylogenetic relationships among its members. The absence of a global treatment of diversity in the subfamily probably requires the maintenance of some paraphyletic genera, as has been indicated for Merosargus related to Acrochaeta, resulting in an inefficient system that allows misleading inferences about evolution and the group and its features. The main goal of this project is to make a cladistic analysis for all genera of Sarginae, with a sample that allows the recognition of paraphyletic genera. This project also intends to make taxonomic revisions of genera with few species, for example, Himantigera and Sagaricera. New material of the stratiomyids collected will be properly preserved to generate a tissue library to obtain DNA sequences of suitable for phylogenetic analysis in the future. (AU)

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Scientific publications (14)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
FACHIN, DIEGO AGUILAR; CARVALHO-FILHO, FERNANDO DA SILVA. New findings on the Neotropical species Hermetia goncalvensi Albuquerque, 1955 (Diptera: Stratiomyidae): redescription, puparium, and geographical records. Zootaxa, v. 4755, n. 3, p. 515-530, . (14/05793-1)
HAUSER, MARTIN; WOODLEY, NORMAN E.; FACHIN, DIEGO A.. Taxonomic changes in African Stratiomyidae (Diptera). Zootaxa, v. 4263, n. 1, p. 72-96, . (14/05793-1, 15/25736-5)
FACHIN, DIEGO AGUILAR. FAMILY XYLOPHAGIDAE. Zootaxa, v. 4122, n. 1, p. 302-305, . (13/02824-0, 14/05793-1, 11/14472-6)
PAULA RAILE RICCARDI; DIEGO AGUILAR FACHIN; ROSALY ALE-ROCHA; EDNA MARIA AMARAL; DALTON DE SOUZA AMORIM; LEONARDO HENRIQUE GIL-AZEVEDO; RENATO SOARES CAPELLARI; DANIEL DIAS DORNELAS DO CARMO; CLAUDIO JOSÉ BARROS DE CARVALHO; GUSTAVO BORGES FERRO; et al. Checklist of the dipterofauna (Insecta) from Roraima, Brazil, with special reference to the Brazilian Ecological Station of Maracá. Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia (São Paulo), v. 62, . (21/08713-2, 13/16524-9, 18/14504-4, 16/02475-4, 14/05793-1, 12/12843-0, 12/23200-2)
DIEGO AGUILAR FACHIN; VITÓRIA RUBRA DOS SANTOS BUZATI; VERA CRISTINA SILVA; HELENA CAROLINA ONODY. Soldier flies (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) on semideciduous seasonal forest fragments, with a list of species for São Paulo State, Brazil, and two new records of species for the country. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, v. 67, n. 2, . (14/05793-1, 09/54497-8)
FACHIN, DIEGO AGUILAR; SANTOS, CHARLES MORPHY D.; AMORIM, DALTON DE SOUZA. First two species of Austroleptis Hardy (Diptera: Brachycera: Austroleptidae) from Brazil. Zootaxa, v. 4369, n. 4, p. 557-574, . (14/05793-1)
FACHIN, DIEGO AGUILAR; COURI, MARCIA SOUTO; DE MELLO-PATIU, CATIA ANTUNES. An illustrated catalogue of the types of Stratiomyidae (Diptera: Brachycera) in the collection of Museu Nacional, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Zootaxa, v. 4084, n. 3, p. 361-376, . (14/05793-1)
FACHIN, DIEGO AGUILAR; DE ASSIS-PUJOL, CRISTIANE VIEIRA. FAMILY STRATIOMYIDAE. Zootaxa, v. 4122, n. 1, p. 312-341, . (14/05793-1, 11/14472-6, 13/02824-0)
FACHIN, DIEGO AGUILAR; DE ASSIS-PUJOL, CRISTIANE VIERA. FAMILY XYLOMYIDAE. Zootaxa, v. 4122, n. 1, p. 342-345, . (13/02824-0, 14/05793-1, 11/14472-6)
CARLOS JOSÉ EINICKER LAMAS; DIEGO AGUILAR FACHIN; RAFAELA LOPES FALASCHI; DANIEL MÁXIMO CORREA DE ALCANTARA; ROSALY ALE-ROCHA; DALTON DE SOUZA AMORIM; MAÍRA XAVIER ARAÚJO; SHARLENE ASCENDINO; LETÍCIA BALDASSIO; CAROLINA FERRAZ BELLODI; et al. The SISBIOTA-Diptera Brazilian Network: A long-term survey of Diptera from unexplored Brazilian Western Arc of Amazon, Cerrado, and Pantanal. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, v. 67, n. 4, . (10/52314-0, 14/05793-1, 13/16524-9, 18/00788-0)

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