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Becoming a public school teacher in São Paulo: hiring practices and the teacher condition (1985-2013)

Grant number: 14/06025-8
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2014
Effective date (End): February 29, 2016
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Education - Fundamentals of Education
Acordo de Cooperação: Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES)
Principal Investigator:Ana Maria Fonseca de Almeida
Grantee:Juliana Regina Basilio
Host Institution: Faculdade de Educação (FE). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil


This research aims to contribute to the understanding of the mechanisms by which are constructed the professional dispositions of public school teachers. Inspired by Bourdieu's works as well as by his collaborators, we propose to understand such dispositions as a result of the meeting between their individual history, which is also the history of their social group, and the history of the school institution. The research is structured in three axes. The first one concerns the research operations aimed to analyzing the Sao Paulo school system. I thus compare the four networks of schools present in this state (federal state, municipal and privately maintained schools) in terms of number of schools, enrollment, and socio-demographic data of the regions where they are located. I also examine the data concerning state school student performance in standardized tests and data on their teachers - credentials, contracts, etc. The second axis concerns the research operations aimed to understand the characteristics of the teacher job positions found nowadays in the state school network and its genesis. Seeing these changes as a result of the alliances and disputes among government, teacher's unions and lawmakers, I thus examine the regulations on teacher's hiring processes, the contracts offered to them by the state and the career pattern they can pursue while on the job since the 1980's. For this study, I rely on legal documentation as well as on documents produced by the teacher's union. Finally, in the third axis I examine how someone becomes a public school teacher by studying the hiring process and placement processes. This is a multi-method research, which includes participant observation, interviews, and documental and statistical analysis. In the end, we will be able to discuss how the meeting between individuals and institution results in a particular professional socialization process that defines teaching in the public school thus contributing to create a special type of school reserved only to the working class. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
JULIANA REGINA BASILIO; ANA MARIA FONSECA ALMEIDA. Contratos de trabalho de professores e resultados escolares. Rev. Bras. Educ., v. 23, . (14/06025-8)
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
BASILIO, Juliana Regina. Becoming a state school teacher in Sao Paulo: hiring practices and the teacher condition. 2016. Doctoral Thesis - Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Faculdade de Educação Campinas, SP.

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