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Neuroprotective effect of tempol (4-hidroxi tempo) after axonotmesis of motor roots in the CNS and PNS interface

Grant number: 14/12707-4
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2014
Effective date (End): August 31, 2015
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Morphology - Cytology and Cell Biology
Principal researcher:Alexandre Leite Rodrigues de Oliveira
Grantee:Giuliana da Silva Zuccoli
Home Institution: Instituto de Biologia (IB). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Motor root crushing, or axonotmesis, is an important medical problem and may occur due to intervertebral disc herniation, spinal stenosis, and tumors. The crushing, although it causes serious clinical signs, is less severe than avulsion, since the continuity between the CNS and PNS is maintained, facilitating the subsequent regeneration. Metabolic modifications on astrocytes and microglia in early post-lesion stages, the so-called glial reactivity, play a dual role in the lesion's microenvironment. Sometime after the lesion, astrocytes have an inhibitory function when it comes to regeneration, promoting glial scar formation. Most part of neuronal death happens due to apoptotic mechanisms and oxidative stress. Therefore, many antioxidant drugs are being studied in the hope of minimizing these events. Among these drugs, Tempol has shown promising results in attenuating the effects of reactive oxygen species. In this respect, the present study intends to evaluate the effects of Tempol on medullary motoneuron survival and also on astrocytes and microglia reactivity, in adult Sprague-Dawley rats after crushing the ventral roots L4, L5, and L6. The rats will be divided into two groups: (1) ventral root crushing and intraperitoneal injection with saline solution and (2) ventral root crushing and intraperitoneal injection with Tempol. After the survival of 14 days, the animals will be sacrificed. The neuronal survival will be evaluated by the Nissl staining method and the immunohistochemistry technique will be used to evaluate the expression of GFAP and Iba-1, which are, respectively, astrocytes and microglia markers. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
SPEJO, ALINE BARROSO; TELES, CAROLINE BRANDAO; ZUCCOLI, GIULIANA DA SILVA; RODRIGUES DE OLIVEIRA, ALEXANDRE LEITE. Synapse preservation and decreased glial reactions following ventral root crush (VRC) and treatment with 4-hydroxy-tempo (TEMPOL). Journal of Neuroscience Research, v. 97, n. 4, p. 520-534, . (14/12707-4, 12/22750-9, 14/12671-0, 14/06892-3)

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.